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    Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    5.00/5 from 14 reviews

    At a Glance

    • Destination
    • Duration
      50 days
    • Trip Difficulty
    • Activities
      Tour and Trek
    • Accommodation
      3 star standard hotel in Cities, Guest house during trekking and tent during climbing
    • Meals
      All Standard Meals throughout the trip
    • Vehicle
      Private Luxury Tourist Vehicles and Aeroplane
    • Max. People

    About - Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    Embrace the allure of the Himalayas with an expedition that transcends the ordinary. Welcome to the Makalu Expedition, brought to you exclusively by Luxury Holiday Nepal. At 8,463 meters (27,766 feet), Mount Makalu, the world's fifth highest peak, presents a majestic sight, and embarking on its ascent is an experience unlike any other. Nestled in the illustrious Mahalangur Himalayas, and sharing the skyline with the iconic Everest, Makalu offers not just a mountaineering challenge, but an immersive journey into nature's grandeur.

    With Luxury Holiday Nepal, this expedition is elevated from just an adventure to an opulent experience. Every step is infused with unmatched comfort and luxury, ensuring that even in the rugged terrains of Makalu, the sophisticated touch of elegance is never amiss. From premium camping amenities to gourmet meals amidst the mountains, we redefine mountaineering, coupling the thrill of the climb with the splendors of indulgence. As you conquer challenging terrains and navigate steep pitches, rest assured that world-class comforts await you. Experience Makalu, not just as a climber but as a connoisseur of the finer things in life.

    Highlights of the Makalu Expedition

    • Majestic Makalu: Standing tall at 8,463 meters (27,766 feet), experience the awe of reaching the summit of the world's fifth-highest peak, a pinnacle of mountaineering achievement.
    • Picturesque Trekking Routes: Traverse through the biodiverse Makalu-Barun National Park, a haven for unique flora and fauna including the elusive red panda and majestic snow leopard.
    • Unique Cultural Immersion: Engage with the rich cultural tapestry of the region, interacting with indigenous Sherpa communities, and witnessing their age-old traditions and spiritual ceremonies.
    • Steep & Technical Terrain: Challenge yourself with Makalu’s technical ascents, sharp ridges, and ice-clad sections that demand the utmost skill and precision.
    • Panoramic Views: Be rewarded with unparalleled vistas from the summit, showcasing a sweeping view of neighboring Himalayan giants including Everest, Lhotse, and Cho Oyu.
    • Acclimatization Treks: Engage in crucial acclimatization treks, offering opportunities to explore neighboring peaks and valleys, crucial for adapting to the high-altitude conditions.
    • Base Camp Experience: Live the authentic mountaineering life by setting up and thriving in the expedition's base camp, a hub of camaraderie and preparation against the backdrop of the Himalayas.
    • Professional Sherpa Guidance: Benefit from the expertise and local knowledge of experienced Sherpa guides, ensuring a safer and enriching climbing experience.
    • Diverse Landscapes: From verdant valleys, rhododendron forests, and alpine meadows to rocky terrains, moraines, and massive glaciers, experience the Himalayas' diverse landscapes.
    • Sense of Achievement: Conquering one of the world's most challenging peaks, leaving climbers with an indelible mark of accomplishment and stories of endurance and resilience.

    Embarking on the Makalu Expedition is more than just a climb; it's a journey of discovery, challenge, and unparalleled beauty, offering memories that last a lifetime.

    Features of Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    The Makalu Expedition (8,463m) offers several distinctive features and challenges. Here are some notable features of the expedition:

    Topographical Diversity

    The Makalu Expedition is a journey through a spectrum of terrains, each offering its own set of unique experiences and challenges. One of the standout features of this expedition is its topographical diversity.

    • Subtropical Forests: The initial stages of the expedition wind through lush subtropical forests. These dense green canopies are alive with the sounds of birds, rustling leaves, and distant waterfalls. The warmth and humidity of these forests are a stark contrast to the conditions climbers will face as they ascend. These forests also house a myriad of wildlife and provide a fresh, verdant atmosphere to start the expedition.
    • Transition Zones: As climbers gain altitude, the thick subtropical forests gradually give way to temperate broadleaf forests. This zone is marked by rhododendron trees, oaks, and maples. The transition zones offer a cooler and more serene environment, with blossoms painting the landscape during springtime.
    • Alpine Meadows: Ascending further, the landscape transforms into open alpine meadows. These sprawling grasslands are dotted with wildflowers, offering trekkers a refreshing change from the dense forests below. The meadows are often grazed by yaks and other mountain animals. The clear skies and vast open spaces provide climbers with their first unobstructed views of the majestic Himalayan peaks.
    • Glaciated Landscapes: As the expedition approaches the higher altitudes, the terrain becomes rugged and glaciated. The alpine meadows are replaced by moraines, crevasses, and icefalls. The landscape here is a testament to the raw power of nature. It's a realm of ice and rock, where every step requires caution and expertise.

    This journey from subtropical zones to the icy heights is not just a physical challenge but also a visual and sensory delight. The Makalu Expedition offers climbers a chance to experience and appreciate the Earth's natural diversity in its most pristine form. The changing landscapes also serve as a reminder of the varying ecosystems that exist in harmony within a relatively small geographical area. It underscores the importance of preserving these fragile environments for future generations.

    Technical Climb

    Makalu, standing tall at 8,463 meters, is revered not just for its impressive height but also for the technical challenges it presents to mountaineers. This Himalayan giant, the fifth highest mountain in the world, is renowned for its intricate and demanding climb.

    • Sharp Ridges: One of the defining features of Makalu is its knife-edged ridges. These ridges require climbers to navigate with utmost precision and care. Every step along these ridges needs to be measured, and there's little room for error. The exposure on either side can be daunting, even for seasoned climbers.
    • Steep Sections: Makalu is characterized by its steep pitches, which demand a high level of technical proficiency. These sections often require fixed ropes, ice screws, and other specialized equipment to ensure safe passage. Ascending these sections necessitates not just physical strength but also impeccable technique.
    • Varied Terrain: Aside from its sharp ridges and steep sections, Makalu's terrain is a mix of rock, snow, and ice. This combination means climbers must be adept at rock climbing, ice climbing, and snow navigation. Transitioning between these terrains swiftly and safely is crucial.
    • Weather Conditions: The mountain's technical sections become even more challenging when combined with its unpredictable weather. Sudden storms can turn an already demanding climb into a perilous endeavor. Climbers must be prepared to face fierce winds, heavy snowfall, and rapidly changing conditions.
    • High Altitude: The challenges of Makalu aren't just technical. The extreme altitude means climbers are battling against reduced oxygen levels, making every task more strenuous. Proper acclimatization and possibly the use of supplemental oxygen become critical components of a successful ascent.

    Given these challenges, Makalu is often considered a mountaineer's mountain. While its height might be overshadowed by nearby Everest, its technical demands place it in a league of its own. Successfully summiting Makalu is not just about endurance and stamina but also about skill, technique, and a deep understanding of the mountain environment.


    The Makalu-Barun National Park, encompassing an area of 1,500 square kilometers in the Eastern Himalayas of Nepal, is an ecological hotspot that forms the core of the journey during the Makalu Expedition. This protected area presents a fascinating blend of nature's finest offerings, underlining the significance of conservation and sustainable tourism.

    • Varied Ecosystems: The park stretches from the lush, tropical forests at its lower elevations to the alpine meadows and barren landscapes at its higher realms. This gradient in altitude results in diverse habitats and microclimates, each supporting a unique community of flora and fauna.
    • Floral Diversity: As trekkers traverse the park, they are greeted by more than 3,000 species of flowering plants, including rhododendrons, orchids, and medicinal herbs. These plants not only beautify the trail but also hold immense ecological and cultural importance.
    • Faunal Richness: The Makalu-Barun National Park is a sanctuary for numerous wildlife species. It houses over 400 species of birds, making it a birder's paradise. Among the many mammals that call this park home, trekkers might catch glimpses of the snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, and wild boar. The melodious calls of pheasants and the playful antics of langur monkeys add life to the journey.
    • Endangered Inhabitants: Several of the species residing within the park are globally threatened. The park plays a pivotal role in the conservation of species like the snow leopard, red panda, and clouded leopard. Their presence underscores the park's global significance in biodiversity conservation.
    • Conservation Efforts: The establishment of the Makalu-Barun National Park in 1992 was a commendable step towards preserving this biodiversity hotspot. With an emphasis on community-based conservation, the park has integrated local communities into its management and conservation initiatives, ensuring that both nature and local livelihoods flourish.

    The Makalu Expedition isn't just a journey to one of the world's highest peaks but also an intimate dive into one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet. The Makalu-Barun National Park, with its unparalleled biological richness, ensures that the expedition is as much about nature's marvels as it is about mountaineering challenges.

    Remote Wilderness

    Nestled in a less-trodden corner of the Himalayas, the Makalu Expedition immerses climbers in the unspoiled wilderness, a stark contrast to some of the busier mountaineering routes in the region. This remote journey offers several unique aspects:

    • Untouched Landscapes: The trails leading to Makalu weave through pristine terrains, allowing climbers to experience nature in its most undisturbed form. This untouched beauty is accentuated by the vast expanses of alpine meadows, dense forests, and shimmering glaciers that pave the journey.
    • Solitude and Reflection: The relative seclusion of Makalu ensures that climbers can find moments of solitude, ideal for introspection and deep connection with nature. Without the usual hustle and bustle of crowded trails, there's a heightened sense of peace and tranquility that accompanies the expedition.
    • Authentic Encounters: The remoteness means that the few villages and settlements en route have retained their traditional ways of life. Interactions with locals are genuine, offering insights into age-old customs and traditions without the influence of mainstream tourism.
    • Wildlife Spotting: Given the lesser human interference, the Makalu-Barun National Park, which the trail passes through, is a haven for many rare and endangered species. The undisturbed habitats increase the chances of spotting wildlife in their natural surroundings.
    • Conservation Focus: The remote nature of the area means that its ecosystems remain delicate. There's a conscious effort by both local communities and trekkers to maintain the purity of the environment, ensuring that the wilderness remains preserved for future generations.
    • Challenge and Adventure: The untouched trails of Makalu can be more challenging due to fewer amenities and established routes. This raw, rugged terrain adds an extra layer of adventure for those looking to test their mettle against nature.

    Cultural Exposure

    Embarking on the Makalu Expedition is not just a journey through towering peaks and challenging terrains; it's also a deep dive into the rich tapestry of the region's cultural landscape. As climbers navigate the winding trails, they are often greeted by the warmth and hospitality of the Sherpa communities, guardians of the Himalayan realm.

    • Sherpa Hospitality: The Sherpa community, renowned for their mountaineering expertise, is equally celebrated for their genuine warmth and gracious hospitality. As climbers traverse through the villages, they're often welcomed into traditional homes, offered butter tea or the locally brewed 'chang', and treated as honored guests.
    • Festivals and Traditions: Throughout the year, the Sherpa villages burst into celebrations of various festivals that are a blend of Buddhist traditions and ancient local customs. Whether it's the colorful Mani Rimdu festival with its masked dances or the vibrant Dumje festival celebrating the spirit of the community, trekkers get to witness the cultural vitality of the region.
    • Spiritual Centers: Dotting the trails are age-old monasteries and stupas adorned with fluttering prayer flags, sending out blessings with the mountain winds. Monasteries like Tengboche or Pangboche are not just spiritual centers but are also repositories of ancient scriptures, thangka paintings, and artifacts. The rhythmic chants of the monks and the spinning prayer wheels instill a sense of serenity amidst the challenging journey.
    • Art and Craft: The Sherpa communities are also skilled artisans. Their hand-woven fabrics, intricate thangka paintings, handcrafted wooden and metal artifacts, and traditional jewelry are a testament to their artistic heritage. These crafts often depict tales of valor, spiritual beliefs, and the profound relationship between the Sherpas and the mountains.
    • Daily Life and Practices: Beyond the festivals and art, it's the daily life of the Sherpas that offers the deepest cultural insights. From traditional farming practices and culinary delights like momos and thukpa to ancient storytelling sessions around a warm hearth, every aspect offers a window into their resilient and harmonious way of life.

    Makalu Expedition is a harmonious blend of nature's grandeur and cultural richness. While the mighty Makalu challenges climbers physically, the vibrant Sherpa culture elevates their spirits, making the journey a holistic experience of discovery and introspection.

    High-altitude Challenges

    Ascending the formidable heights of Mount Makalu, climbers inevitably face the challenges that come with high-altitude environments. The journey to Makalu's summit, standing tall at 8,463 meters, exposes adventurers to a set of unique physiological and environmental challenges.

    • Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): As climbers gain elevation, the drop in atmospheric pressure can lead to lesser oxygen in each breath. The body may struggle to adjust to this drop, leading to AMS. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, nausea, and shortness of breath.
    • Acclimatization Days: To combat AMS and other high-altitude ailments, the expedition schedule incorporates deliberate acclimatization days. During these days, climbers ascend to a higher elevation during the day and then descend to sleep at a slightly lower elevation at night. This "climb high, sleep low" strategy aids in adapting the body to reduced oxygen levels.
    • Reduced Physical Capabilities: The thin air at higher altitudes means less oxygen reaches the muscles, reducing physical stamina. Activities that might seem trivial at sea level, like walking a short distance or carrying a light backpack, become increasingly challenging.
    • Extreme Weather Conditions: The higher elevations also bring unpredictable weather patterns. Temperatures can drop to extreme cold, especially during nights and early mornings, and sudden snowstorms can arise without much warning.
    • Technical Aspects: As climbers venture into higher zones, the need for technical mountaineering skills becomes crucial. The icy slopes, potential for avalanches, and crevasse-riddled terrains demand specialized equipment and expertise.
    • Hydration and Nutrition: The dry mountain air and increased physical exertion mean that staying hydrated is essential. Yet, the body's sense of thirst diminishes at high altitudes, making it vital to consciously drink water. Similarly, appetite can decrease, but maintaining nutrition is crucial for sustaining energy levels.
    • Mental Fortitude: Beyond the physical challenges, high altitudes can also be a test of mental strength. The isolation, harsh environment, and physical discomfort can lead to feelings of desolation or even depression. Mental resilience and the camaraderie of fellow climbers become invaluable assets.

    Spectacular Views

    Reaching the summit of Makalu offers climbers a truly awe-inspiring reward: breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding Himalayan peaks. From this vantage point, climbers are treated to a visual feast of majestic mountains and stunning landscapes. Some of the notable peaks visible from the summit of Makalu include:

    • Mount Everest: The world's highest peak, Mount Everest, stands tall in the distance, showcasing its iconic and awe-inspiring presence. Climbers can witness the grandeur of Everest, appreciating its sheer size and the challenges it presents to those who dare to conquer it.
    • Lhotse: Adjacent to Everest, Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Its majestic slopes and distinct pyramid shape make for a striking sight from the summit of Makalu.
    • Kanchenjunga: To the east of Makalu lies Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world. Its snow-covered summits and surrounding ridges create a dramatic backdrop against the clear Himalayan sky.
    • Barun Valley: From the summit, climbers can also take in the panoramic views of the pristine Barun Valley. The valley is home to diverse flora and fauna, alpine meadows, and remote glacial lakes, adding to the natural beauty of the surroundings.
    • Other Himalayan Peaks: The sweeping panorama from the summit of Makalu offers glimpses of numerous other Himalayan peaks in the region. These include the likes of Cho Oyu, Baruntse, Ama Dablam, and many more, creating an enchanting tapestry of snow-capped summits.

    These spectacular views from the summit of Makalu offer climbers a unique perspective on the grandeur and scale of the Himalayas. It is a humbling and awe-inspiring experience, providing a sense of accomplishment and a profound connection to the natural wonders of the region.

    It's important to note that the Makalu Expedition is a highly challenging and demanding endeavor that requires excellent physical fitness, mountaineering skills, and proper training. It is recommended to join an organized expedition led by experienced guides and ensure thorough preparation for a safe and successful climb.

    Best Time for the Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    The best time for undertaking an expedition to Mount Makalu, or any other high-altitude Himalayan peak, typically revolves around the region's two main favorable weather windows. Here's a breakdown of the expedition's feasibility by season:

    Spring (Pre-monsoon): Late April to Early June

    • Pros: This is the most popular time for Makalu expeditions. The weather is relatively stable, and temperatures, although still cold, are warmer than in the post-monsoon season. The melting snow means fewer obstacles during the climb, and the atmosphere is generally clearer.
    • Cons: As this is the peak season, you might encounter more climbers, which could result in crowded base camps or bottlenecks on certain sections of the mountain.

    Autumn (Post-monsoon): Late September to Early November

    • Pros: The post-monsoon period is the second most popular time for Himalayan expeditions. The skies are clear after the rains, offering breathtaking panoramic views. Cooler temperatures mean harder ice, which some climbers prefer.
    • Cons: The days start getting shorter and colder, especially during late October and November. There is a higher risk of early winter storms during this period.

    Summer (Monsoon): June to Early September

    • Pros: Few, if any. Some trekkers do venture into the lower regions during this time for monsoon-flowering plants and fewer crowds.
    • Cons: This is not an ideal time for high-altitude expeditions. The monsoon rains make the trails slippery and treacherous. Avalanches and landslides are more common, and there's a high risk of flash floods. The heavy rain also obscures the mountain views and can result in prolonged periods of being tent-bound.

    Winter: December to February

    • Pros: For the extreme mountaineer seeking an extra challenge, winter climbs are an ultimate test of skill and resilience. The mountains are virtually empty, and the views are crystal clear.
    • Cons: Extremely cold temperatures, shorter days, and a high risk of snowstorms. Climbers face a greater risk of frostbite and other cold-related ailments. Only a few, highly skilled climbers attempt Makalu during this period.

    For the majority of climbers, the spring and autumn seasons are the best times for the Makalu Expedition, with spring being the most favored. The summer monsoon and winter seasons are generally considered too risky for most mountaineers. Always consult with a professional expedition organizer to understand the current conditions and recommendations for any specific year.

    Permits for the Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    To undertake the Makalu Expedition, climbers are required to obtain several permits and fees. Here are the main permits needed for the expedition:

    • Expedition Royalty and Permit: Climbers must obtain the Expedition Royalty and Permit from the Nepal Government. This permit grants permission to climb Mount Makalu. The permit fee varies depending on the number of climbers in the team and the season of the expedition. It is generally a significant cost component of the expedition.
    • Makalu-Barun National Park Permit and Fee: The Makalu-Barun National Park is a protected area that encompasses the region surrounding Mount Makalu.
      Climbers are required to obtain the Makalu-Barun National Park Permit and pay the associated fee. This permit helps support conservation efforts and preserves the natural environment.
    • TIMS (Trekkers' Information Management System) Card: Climbers need to obtain the TIMS card, which is managed by the Nepal Tourism Board and Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal (TAAN).
      The TIMS card is a registration system designed to maintain a record of trekkers and climbers in Nepal. It helps ensure safety and facilitates the provision of necessary support and rescue services.

    It is important to note that the permit fees and specific requirements may be subject to change, so it is advisable to check with authorized trekking agencies or the Nepal government's tourism department for the most up-to-date information. Additionally, climbers are typically required to provide necessary personal information, passport details, and passport-sized photographs while applying for these permits.

    Important notes on Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    The Makalu Expedition is a challenging endeavor, requiring not only physical stamina but also meticulous planning and understanding of the mountain. Here are some important notes that every aspiring Makalu climber should consider:

    • Physical Fitness: Climbers need to be in peak physical condition. A rigorous pre-expedition training regimen that includes cardiovascular exercises, strength training, and altitude training is highly recommended.
    • Mountaineering Experience: The Makalu Expedition is a technically challenging climb. It is recommended that climbers have previous experience in high-altitude mountaineering, preferably with experience in technical climbing and exposure to challenging terrain.
    • Acclimatization: Proper acclimatization is crucial for your safety and success. The expedition includes acclimatization periods at various points along the trek to allow your body to adapt to the high altitude gradually. Follow the guidance of your expedition leaders and prioritize a gradual ascent to minimize the risk of altitude-related illnesses.
    • Weather Conditions: The weather in the high Himalayas can be harsh and unpredictable. Be prepared for extreme cold temperatures, strong winds, and potential storms. Stay updated on weather forecasts and be flexible with your schedule to make informed decisions for your safety.
    • Equipment and Gear: Invest in high-quality mountaineering equipment and gear that is suitable for the challenging conditions of the Makalu Expedition. This includes proper clothing, footwear, climbing gear, camping equipment, and personal protective equipment. Ensure your equipment is in good condition and properly fitted before the expedition.
    • Experienced Guides and Support: Joining an organized expedition led by experienced guides is highly recommended. They have knowledge of the route, expertise in high-altitude mountaineering, and can provide essential guidance and support throughout the expedition.
    • Respect Local Culture and Environment: The Makalu region is home to diverse ethnic communities and a fragile alpine ecosystem. Respect the local culture, customs, and environment. Follow Leave No Trace principles, adhere to designated trails, and minimize your impact on the natural surroundings.
    • Safety Precautions: Prioritize safety at all times. Follow safety protocols, listen to your expedition leaders, and be prepared to make decisions that prioritize your well-being. Pay attention to your own health and that of your team members, and be vigilant for signs of altitude sickness or other health issues.

    By keeping these important notes in mind, you can better prepare yourself for the challenges and maximize your chances of a safe and successful Makalu Expedition.

    Alternative 8000m Mountain Expeditions 

    We Offer the Following similar 8000m Mountain Expedition in Nepal

    Mt Everest Expedition (8848.86 m)
    Manaslu Expedition (8,163 m)
    Dhaulagiri Expedition (8,167 m)
    Kanchenjunga Expedition (8,586 m)
    Lhotse Expedition (8,516 m)

    We also offer peak climbing expeditions in Nepal at altitudes of 7000 and 6000 meters.

    7000 M Peaks for Climbing and Expedition

    Gangapurna Expedition (7,455 m)
    Pumori Expedition (7,145 m)
    Tilicho Peak Expedition (7,134 m)
    Annapurna South Expedition (7,219 m)

    6000 M Peaks for Climbing and Expedition in Nepal

    Mt Ama Dablam Expedition (6,812 m)
    Island Peak Expedition (6,160 m)
    Mera Peak Climbing (6,476 m)
    Chulu West Peak Climbing (6,419 m)
    Pisang Peak Climbing (6,091 m)
    Singu Chuli Peak Climbing (6,501 m)
    Island Peak Climbing with Everest Base Camp Trek
    Lobuche Peak Climbing with Everest Base Camp

    If you need any further information, please contact us, Email: [email protected], Phone: +977- 985 100 5129 (WhatsApp)

    Makalu Expedition (8,463m) Itinerary

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    What's Included

      All ground transport in a private vehicle, including airport and hotel transfers
      Four nights' accommodation with breakfast at a 3-star category hotel in Kathmandu
      Assistance for cargo clearance in Nepal’s Customs Department, clearance cost is subject to a charge. *before the expedition.
      Expedition Royalty and permit of Nepal Government to climb Mt. Makalu, Makalu-Barun National Park permit & fee.
      1 Government Liaison officer with full equipment, salary, and accommodation.
      Stool Shipment Transfer & Garbage Deposit fees.
      Medical & Emergency rescue Insurance for all involved Nepalese staff during the trek and expedition.
    • MAP:
      Trekking Route Map.
      Air Transportation (Domestic Flight): Fly from Kathmandu – Tumlingtar and drive from Tumlingtar to Num. While returning drive from Num to Tumlingtar and fly from Tumlingtar – to Kathmandu, as per the itinerary.
      Necessary all equipment Transportation for all Members and Staff from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar (by air cargo/vehicle) and to Base camp (by Jeep and Porters) – While returning: Base camp to Tumlingtar (by porters and Jeep) and Tumlingtar to Kathmandu (by air cargo/vehicle). -Member’s personal equipment will be transported by air.
    • LUGGAGE:
      Up to 60 Kg per member for personal baggage during the trek carried by porter or Yak.
      3 meals a day (BLD; including tea and coffee) along with accessible accommodation at Hotel/Lodge/Tea house/Camp during the trek and BC. Well-managed base camp set up for members & Staff. Kailas or the north face tents will be set up while camping on sharing basis.
      All Necessary equipment for Camping during the trek.
    • PORTERS:
      Porters per member up to Base camp from Num & Porters return from Base camp to Num.
      Experienced and well-trained Base Camp Cook & kitchen Helpers as required.
      All Nepalese staff & porter’s daily wages, equipment, food & clothing.
      Each member will have an individual Yak Mountain or Kailas tent in Base Camp.
      At Base camp: foam mattresses and pillow per member, 1 Dinning Tent, 1 Kitchen Tent, 1 Communication tent, 1 Toilet & 1 Shower Tent, 1 Staffs Tent, 1 Tent for Nepalese base camp staff, Store tent, Tables & chairs & all necessary cooking gears.
    • HEATER:
      Heater for base camp in each Dining and another necessary camp.
      1 Solar panel or Generator for battery charge and light at base camp for use.
      1 veteran and Government Licensed Climbing Sherpa per member. (1 Member: 1 Sherpa).
      Climbing Sherpa's Salary, Equipment, Food, and Clothing.
      Summit Oxygen cylinder: 3 oxygen bottles (4 ltrs.) for each member and 1 oxygen bottle for each high-altitude Sherpa. **
      1 Set of Summit Oxygen masks & regulators for each member and high-altitude Sherpa. **
      Back up Oxygen Cylinder, mask, and regulator (with appropriate charge).
      High Altitude Tent, Necessary cooking EPI gas, cooking pots for a member, High food for a member, Sherpa, all climbing and other crews at (C1) (C2) (C3) and (C4). Group climbing gears, fixed and dynamic rope during the climbing period as required.
      The team of experienced Sherpas will fix the route on Makalu (no extra charge will be applied to members).
      Satellite Phone for emergency communication carried by Sherpa, also available for members with appropriate charge.
      Walkie–Talkie for communicating from Base Camp to Mountain and Mountain to Base Camp.
      Satellite Phone/walkie-talkie permit for all members and staff.
      Weather forecast report from Meteotest, Bern (Switzerland) during the entire expedition.
      Comprehensive Medical kit.
      Mt. Makalu climbing certificate issued by MoCTCA (after climbing Mt. Makalu successfully).

    What's Excluded

      International flight airfare (from and to Kathmandu).
      The Nepali Visa fee is US$ 60 per person for 30 days (to be applied for 60 days (USD$ 120).
      Lunch & dinner during the stay in Kathmandu (also in case of early return from Trekking / Expedition than the scheduled itinerary).
      Extra nights’ accommodation in Kathmandu. In case of early arrival or late departure, early return from Trekking / Expedition (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary.
      Travel and high-altitude insurance, accident, Helicopter medical & emergency evacuation. *Mandatory
      Medical and emergency rescue evacuation costs if required. (Rescue, Repatriation, Helicopter, Medication, Medical Tests, and Hospitalization costs.)
      Telephone Calls, Internet, Toiletries, battery recharge, hot shower, laundry, soft drinks, beers, and any Alcoholic beverages (during the trek and in Kathmandu but we will serve all kinds of beverages for members on base camp).
      Clothing, Packing Items or Bags, Personal Medical Kit, Personal Trekking /Climbing Gears.
    • FILMING:
      Special Filming, Camera, and Drone permit fee.
      Soaps, shampoos, toilet and tissue papers, toothpaste, and other items used to keep yourself clean.
      Not included during the trek and the expedition.
      Summit bonus for climbing Sherpa- Minimum 1500 USD.
    • TIPS:
      Tips for guides & basecamp staff.
    • EXTRA:
      Any other services or activities, which are not mentioned in the itinerary. Any other item not listed in the “Cost Includes” section.
    1. Introduction of Nepal
    2. Before Traveling Nepal
    3. While You are in Nepal
    4. Before You Plan Nepal Trip

    Dates & Availability

    • M
      - Excellent
      Mr. Marcus Isaksson
      Australia, Perth

      Fantastic Experience with fantastic guides

      Luxury Holidays Nepal provided top-notch services throughout the expedition. They arranged comfortable accommodations, delicious meals, and reliable transportation. The team's dedication to ensuring our safety and comfort was commendable. I felt well taken care of at all times, allowing me to fully immerse myself in the expedition without any worries.

      Read more +
    • F
      - Excellent
      Ms. Frida Larsson
      Australia, Melbourne

      Incredible trip with best guide

      What truly made this Makalu Expedition remarkable was our guide, Nigma from Luxury Holidays Nepal. He was not only highly knowledgeable about the region and its challenges but also possessed excellent leadership skills. Their expertise and experience in mountaineering were evident in every decision made, ensuring our safety and enhancing our overall experience.

      Read more +
    • M
      - Excellent
      Mr. Maximilian
      United States of America (the), New York

      It was a good and excellent trip

      My family and I have been interested in climbing peaks for a long time. It was a good and excellent trip. The guides were professional and knowledgeable. They took care and gave some motivation while climbing the peak. The director of the company is responsible. They provide better service on the trip. It was amazing and more durable while climbing the peak. I feel more comfortable and have proper guidance on the trip. I will travel for upcoming years and we feel the best-experienced trek in this company. 

      Read more +

    Makalu Expedition (8,463m) FAQs

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    Essential Information

    Expedition Grade of Mount Makalu

    The climbing grade is defined as follows for Makalu:

    1. Grade IV: Very Difficult. Prolonged rock, snow, and ice climbing requiring technical knowledge.
    2. Grade V: Extremely Difficult. Continuous, technical, and committing climbing over rock, snow, and ice.

    The challenges that contribute to Makalu's difficulty include:

    • Steep Climbing: Makalu has very steep sections and sharp ridges. This includes the notorious Makalu La, a pass that climbers have to navigate.
    • Technical Sections: The final section leading to the summit is notably technical, with climbers required to ascend using fixed ropes on ice and rock.
    • Weather: Like all high-altitude climbs, weather can be unpredictable and severe, which further complicates the ascent.
    • Altitude: The high altitude and resulting thin air mean climbers are operating with significantly reduced oxygen, which magnifies every challenge and requires careful acclimatization.

    Climbers aspiring to scale Mount Makalu need extensive high-altitude experience, solid technical climbing skills, and a very high level of physical fitness. As with any 8,000-meter peak, the risks are substantial, and the importance of preparation, proper gear, and an experienced team cannot be overstated.

    Accommodations during the Makalu Expedition

    The Makalu Expedition is a remote and challenging undertaking, which means accommodations vary significantly depending on the stage of the expedition. Here’s a breakdown:

    Kathmandu (Pre and Post Expedition): Hotels/Guesthouses: Kathmandu offers a range of accommodation options from budget guesthouses to luxury hotels. Usually, expedition organizers provide accommodations in good standard hotels that include modern amenities such as Wi-Fi, electricity, hot water, and more.

    Trek to Makalu Base Camp:

    • Teahouses/Lodges: The initial part of the trek might have a few teahouses or lodges in the more populated areas. These provide basic amenities - beds in shared rooms, communal eating areas, and basic meals.
    • Camping: As you move closer to Makalu Base Camp, teahouses become less frequent, and expedition teams typically resort to camping. Tents are set up for sleeping, dining, and kitchen purposes.

    Makalu Base Camp: Tents: This is the primary base of operations for climbers. Multiple tents are established here, including individual sleeping tents, a communal dining tent, kitchen tents, and sometimes even a storage or communication tent. These tents are specially designed for high-altitude conditions and are equipped to provide relative comfort in extreme environments.

    Higher Camps (Camp I, II, III, and so on): High Altitude Tents: As climbers move higher on the mountain to establish further camps, the accommodations are rudimentary. Only essential tents are set up, mainly for sleeping. These tents are designed to be lightweight for portability and to withstand extreme conditions.

    Summit Push: Bivouac or Short Rest: There may be instances where climbers take short rests in bivouac shelters or even without any shelter, especially during the final summit push. However, these are short durations, and climbers usually descend to a lower camp for a proper rest post-summit.

    Special Mention – Hygiene and Toilet Facilities: In Kathmandu and possibly at some teahouses, regular toilet facilities are available. However, as one progresses on the trail and especially on the mountain, toilet facilities are basic. At base camp and higher camps, makeshift toilet tents might be set up, or climbers might use portable toilet solutions.

    It's essential to understand that while expedition organizers (Luxury Holiday Nepal) make every effort to provide the best possible accommodations under the circumstances, the nature of high-altitude mountaineering means that climbers will often be in very basic and challenging living conditions. It's all a part of the adventure.

    Food during the Makalu Expedition

    The food during the Makalu Expedition is designed to ensure climbers get the necessary nutrients and energy required for the physically demanding nature of the trek and the climb. The variety and quality of food can vary based on where you are on the expedition:

    Kathmandu (Pre and Post Expedition): In Kathmandu, there's a wide array of food options available, from traditional Nepali dishes like "dal bhat" (lentil soup with rice) to international cuisines from Italian to Chinese and even fast-food chains.

    Trek to Makalu Base Camp:

    • Teahouses/Lodges: These establishments serve local food, including "dal bhat", momo (dumplings), thukpa (noodle soup), and simple international dishes like fried rice, spaghetti, and omelets. Tea, coffee, and some packaged snacks might also be available.
    • Camping: When camping, meals are prepared by the expedition's kitchen staff. They usually cook a variety of dishes ensuring a balanced intake of carbs, proteins, and fats. Breakfast might include porridge, cereals, pancakes, or eggs. Lunch and dinner could be a mix of local and international dishes, soups, pasta, rice, lentils, and vegetables.

    Makalu Base Camp: At the base camp, the expedition will have a dedicated kitchen crew that prepares meals. Given that base camp serves as a primary base for longer durations, the variety of food is better. Meals might include fresh vegetables and meats whenever possible, and a variety of grain dishes, soups, and protein-rich meals. They'll also serve high-calorie snacks and drinks to keep energy levels up.

    Higher Camps (Camp I, II, III, etc.): Due to the altitude and challenging conditions, the food at higher camps is more functional. It’s about getting calories and energy, often in the easiest and quickest way possible. Instant noodles, soups, freeze-dried meals, energy bars, and high-calorie drinks are common. Hot water for hydration and rehydrating meals becomes essential.

    Summit Push: During the final summit push, climbers rely heavily on quick energy sources. Energy gels, chocolates, nuts, and energy bars are commonly consumed. Hydration is crucial, so climbers also carry thermoses with hot water, electrolyte drinks, or even energy drinks.

    Special Considerations:

    • Hydration is paramount. At all stages of the expedition, drinking ample water is emphasized. It helps with acclimatization and overall well-being.
    • Given the physically demanding nature of the climb, climbers might use supplements and vitamins based on their personal preferences and the recommendations of their health advisors.
    • It's also crucial for climbers to communicate any dietary restrictions or allergies in advance to ensure their needs are accommodated.

    In high-altitude mountaineering, food is not just about enjoyment but primarily about sustenance, energy, and staying healthy. The body burns a significant number of calories in cold temperatures and at high altitudes, so the emphasis is often on high-calorie, energy-rich foods.

    Tourist Visa

    To visit Nepal for tourism purposes, most foreign nationals are required to obtain a Tourist Visa. Here are some key points regarding the Tourist Visa for Nepal:

    Visa Application

    • Tourists can apply for a Nepal Tourist Visa prior to their arrival at a Nepali Embassy or Consulate in their home country.
    • Alternatively, tourists can also obtain a visa upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or other designated entry points in Nepal.

    Duration and Validity

    • The Tourist Visa is typically issued for multiple entry and allows a stay of up to 15, 30, or 90 days.
    • The visa duration and validity depend on the applicant's preference and payment of the respective visa fee.

    Visa Extension

    • If tourists wish to extend their stay in Nepal beyond the initially granted duration, they can apply for a visa extension at the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu or at the Immigration Office in Pokhara.
    • Visa extensions can usually be granted for a maximum period of up to 150 days in a calendar year.

    Required Documents

    • When applying for a Tourist Visa, tourists typically need to submit their passport with a minimum validity of six months, a completed visa application form, and the applicable visa fee.
    • Tourists may also need to provide a recent passport-sized photograph and other supporting documents as requested by the Nepali Embassy/Consulate or immigration authorities.

    Visa Fees

    • The visa fees for a Tourist Visa vary depending on the duration of stay, such as 15 days, 30 days, or 90 days.
    • The fees are payable in USD or the equivalent in other major currencies.


    • Tourists can obtain a Tourist Visa upon arrival at the immigration counters of Tribhuvan International Airport or other designated entry points.
    • Visa-on-arrival services are available for most nationalities, and the required visa fees can be paid in cash (USD or major currencies) or by credit card.

    It is important to note that visa regulations and requirements may change, so it is recommended to check with the nearest Nepali Embassy/Consulate or visit the official website of the Department of Immigration of Nepal for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding the Tourist Visa requirements.

    On-Arrival Visa Fee at Entry Points
    15 Days – 30 USD
    30 Days – 50 USD
    90 Days – 125 USD

    Getting in Nepal

    Nepal, nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, offers a range of options for travelers to enter the country. The most common and convenient way to reach Nepal is by air through Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, the capital city. Numerous international airlines operate regular flights to Kathmandu from major cities around the world, making it easily accessible for travelers from different countries. Upon arrival at the airport, travelers will need to go through immigration and customs procedures. It is advisable to have all necessary travel documents, including a valid passport, visa, and any required permits, readily available for inspection.

    To ensure a smooth start to the expedition, it is crucial to provide your arrival details in advance to us. This allows us to make appropriate arrangements for your airport pickup, where you will be picked up by a Luxury Holidays Nepal representative and transfer to your accommodation in Kathmandu. So, it is important to promptly inform our team if there are any delays or changes to your flight schedule so that we can adjust their arrangements accordingly.

    Domestic Flights

    Domestic flights in Nepal are the main intercommunication to reach the region where you are going for your expedition as most of these regions are disconnected by road transport. Your flights into the Khumbu and any other region that are mentioned in your trip program will be reserved by us on your behalf. Due to the terrain and landscapes of Nepal domestic flights might get caught in weather delays which is why we recommend your return flight back home be changeable at any time.

    Altitude Sickness

    Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a condition that can occur when ascending to high altitudes too quickly, without allowing sufficient time for the body to acclimatize. It is caused by the reduced availability of oxygen at higher elevations. Altitude sickness can affect anyone, regardless of age, fitness level, or previous experience at high altitudes. Here are some important points to know about altitude sickness:


    • Symptoms of altitude sickness can vary but commonly include headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, and difficulty sleeping.
    • More severe forms of altitude sickness, such as high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), can also occur and require immediate medical attention.


    • Gradual ascent: Ascend gradually to allow your body to acclimatize. Avoid rapid ascents, especially to high altitudes above 3,000 meters (9,800 feet).
    • Hydration: Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Avoid excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption.
    • Proper nutrition: Maintain a balanced diet and consume sufficient calories to fuel your body.
    • Rest and acclimatization days: Take rest days at higher elevations to allow your body to adjust to the altitude.
    • Medication: Consult with a medical professional about the use of medication, such as acetazolamide (Diamox), which can help prevent and alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness.


    • Pay attention to your body and recognize the early signs of altitude sickness. Inform your guide or fellow climbers if you experience any symptoms.
    • Monitor others in your group for signs of altitude sickness and be prepared to assist if needed.


    • If experiencing symptoms of altitude sickness, it is important to descend to a lower altitude.
    • Resting, hydrating, and allowing time for acclimatization can help alleviate mild symptoms.
    • In more severe cases, immediate descent and medical attention are necessary. Prompt evacuation to a lower altitude or medical facility may be required.

    Preparation and Education

    • Prioritize physical fitness and proper training before attempting high-altitude climbs.
    • Educate yourself about altitude sickness, its symptoms, prevention measures, and appropriate response in case of illness.
    • Travel with experienced guides who are trained in recognizing and managing altitude sickness.

    Altitude sickness should be taken seriously, and it is essential to prioritize your safety when climbing at high altitudes. By understanding the risks, taking necessary precautions, and being vigilant about your own health and those of your fellow climbers, you can minimize the chances of experiencing altitude sickness and enjoy a safer and more successful expedition.


    Money management is an important aspect to consider when traveling in Nepal, especially during your expedition. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

    ATMs and Card Acceptance

    In Nepal, access to ATMs is generally good in most city areas, but it can be limited in rural regions. Different banks have varying withdrawal limits, so it's important to check with your bank regarding the maximum withdrawal amount per transaction. Hotels, restaurants, airlines, and travel agents in urban areas usually accept cards, with Visa and Mastercard being widely accepted. However, in rural areas and trekking regions, card acceptance may be limited or unavailable. It's advisable to carry enough cash, especially in Nepalese currency, for areas with limited ATM access and to have some reserve cash for emergencies. While USD is selectively accepted, it's more important to have Nepalese currency on hand during your expedition in Nepal.

    Nepalese Currency

    The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). It is important to have Nepalese currency on hand, especially during your expedition in remote areas where USD may not be widely accepted. Exchange your currency to Nepalese Rupees at authorized currency exchange counters, banks, or hotels. Avoid exchanging money with unauthorized individuals or street vendors.

    Remember to inform your bank and credit card provider about your travel plans to Nepal, as some financial institutions may put a temporary hold on cards if they see unusual international transactions. Having a mix of cash and cards, along with sufficient Nepalese currency, will ensure that you are well-prepared for various payment needs throughout your expedition in Nepal.

    Insurance for Makalu Expedition 

    Climbing insurance is highly recommended for the Makalu Expedition or any other high-altitude mountaineering adventure. Here are some key points to consider regarding climbing insurance:

    • Obtain comprehensive climbing insurance specifically tailored for high-altitude mountaineering.
    • Confirm coverage for emergency medical expenses, evacuation, and rescue.
    • Ensure coverage for pre-existing conditions and high-altitude activities.
    • Understand policy limits, deductibles, and claim procedures.
    • Compare reputable insurance providers specializing in adventure or mountaineering coverage.
    • Read the policy thoroughly and consult with experts to choose suitable coverage.

    Remember, climbing insurance is your financial protection against unforeseen events and emergencies during the Makalu Expedition. 


    When it comes to drinking water in Nepal, it is important to prioritize safe and clean drinking water to avoid waterborne illnesses. Here are some key points to consider:

    • Bottled Water: Bottled water is readily available in most urban areas, tourist destinations, and trekking regions of Nepal. Look for reputable brands and check the seal to ensure that the bottle is properly sealed and not tampered with. While convenient, keep in mind that the disposal of plastic bottles can have negative environmental impacts. Consider using refillable water bottles with a built-in filter or purification system to reduce plastic waste.
    • Purification Tablets or Drops: Another option is to use water purification tablets or drops that are readily available in pharmacies or outdoor stores. Follow the instructions provided on the packaging for proper usage and wait for the specified time before consuming the water.
    • Boiled Water: Boiling water is an effective method to make it safe for drinking. Bring water to a rolling boil for at least one minute to kill any harmful bacteria or pathogens. This method is commonly used in tea houses, lodges, and guesthouses during treks or in areas where access to bottled water is limited.
    • Water Filters and Purifiers: Portable water filters or purifiers are effective in removing impurities and pathogens from water sources. These devices use different filtration methods, such as activated carbon or ceramic filters, to purify the water. They are useful for outdoor activities and trekking expeditions.
    • Avoid Tap Water and Unreliable Sources: It is generally advised to avoid drinking tap water in Nepal, as it may not be properly treated for consumption. Be cautious with water from unknown sources, such as streams, rivers, or untreated wells, as it may contain harmful contaminants.
    • Hydration: Staying hydrated is crucial, especially in high-altitude environments. Drink plenty of fluids, even if you do not feel excessively thirsty. In addition to drinking water, you can also consume other hydrating beverages such as herbal tea, soups, and fresh fruit juices.

    Remember, the quality of water can vary, so it is important to prioritize safe drinking water to maintain your health during your expedition in Nepal. 


    Safety is a top priority when undertaking the Makalu Expedition or any other outdoor adventure in Nepal. Here are some important safety considerations to keep in mind:

    • Experienced Guides and Support Staff: Engaging experienced guides and support staff is crucial for ensuring safety during the Makalu Expedition. These professionals have in-depth knowledge of the region, terrain, and weather conditions. They are trained in mountaineering skills, emergency response, and first aid, providing valuable guidance and support throughout the expedition.
    • Physical Fitness and Training: Prioritizing physical fitness and undergoing proper training is essential for the demands of high-altitude climbing. Adequate physical conditioning helps improve endurance, strength, and stamina required for the expedition. Consulting with a healthcare professional ensures you are in good health and physically capable of undertaking the challenges involved.
    • Altitude Acclimatization: Allowing sufficient time for proper altitude acclimatization is vital to reduce the risk of altitude sickness. Ascending gradually and incorporating rest days at higher altitudes allows your body to adjust to the decreasing oxygen levels. This helps minimize the chances of altitude-related illnesses and ensures a safer and more enjoyable climb.
    • Weather Awareness: Being informed about weather conditions and forecasts is crucial for planning a safe climb. Weather in mountainous areas can be unpredictable, so staying updated on weather changes is important. Planning the expedition during favorable weather windows and being prepared for sudden changes in conditions helps mitigate potential risks.
    • Proper Equipment and Gear: Investing in high-quality mountaineering equipment and gear is essential for safety during the expedition. This includes suitable clothing for varying weather conditions, sturdy footwear, climbing equipment, and protective gear. Ensuring that your equipment is well-maintained and in good condition is crucial for optimal performance and safety.
    • Emergency Preparedness: Carrying a comprehensive first aid kit and having basic first aid knowledge is important for addressing minor injuries and illnesses during the expedition. It is advisable to carry communication devices such as a satellite phone or walkie-talkie for emergency communication. Understanding evacuation procedures and having contingency plans in place for emergencies is crucial for swift and effective response.
    • Environmental Responsibility: Respecting the environment and practicing Leave No Trace principles is important to minimize your impact on the natural surroundings. Follow designated trails, dispose of waste properly, and be mindful of the fragile ecosystem. Adhering to environmental responsibility ensures the preservation of the natural beauty for future generations.
    • Personal Safety Measures: Following safety guidelines provided by guides and support staff is essential. Stay alert and aware of your surroundings, particularly during challenging sections of the climb. Promptly communicate any concerns or issues to guides or fellow climbers. Prioritizing personal safety through responsible decision-making and caution is crucial throughout the expedition.

    By considering these points and adhering to the explanations provided, you can ensure a safer and more successful Makalu Expedition experience, enjoying the breathtaking beauty of the region while minimizing potential risks and challenges.

    Vaccinations & Immunization

    Before embarking on the Makalu Expedition or any travel to Nepal, it is crucial to consult with a travel clinic or healthcare professional for personalized advice on vaccinations and immunizations. Here are some commonly recommended vaccinations and immunizations to consider:

    • Routine Vaccinations: Ensure that your routine vaccinations, such as Chickenpox, Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTaP), Polio, and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), are up to date.
    • Covid-19 Vaccine: Given the ongoing global pandemic, it is important to follow the latest guidelines regarding Covid-19 vaccinations. Check with your healthcare provider for information on Covid-19 vaccine requirements and recommendations for travel.
    • Hepatitis A and B: Hepatitis A and B vaccines are recommended for travelers to Nepal, as these diseases can be transmitted through contaminated food, water, or bodily fluids.
    • Typhoid: Typhoid fever is prevalent in Nepal, and vaccination is advisable, especially if you will be staying in rural areas or consuming food and water from potentially unsafe sources.
    • Yellow Fever: Nepal itself is not a yellow fever-endemic country, so a yellow fever vaccination certificate is generally not required unless you are arriving from a yellow fever endemic region. However, it is always best to check the latest requirements and consult with your healthcare provider.
    • Rabies: Rabies vaccinations may be considered if you plan to have close contact with animals or are venturing into remote areas where medical facilities may be limited.
    • Malaria: The Manaslu region of Nepal is generally not considered a high-risk area for malaria. However, if you plan to extend your trip to other parts of Nepal or neighboring countries with malaria risk, consult with your healthcare provider for appropriate anti-malarial medication.
    • Other Vaccinations: Depending on your individual health and travel plans, other vaccinations such as Encephalitis, Shingles, or additional booster doses may be recommended. Discuss these with your healthcare provider.

    Remember to schedule your vaccinations and immunizations well in advance of your expedition, as some vaccines may require multiple doses or take time to become effective.

    Internet and SIM Card during the Makalu Expedition

    For climbers embarking on the Makalu Expedition, staying connected might be a concern. Here’s what you should know about internet and SIM card options:

    1. Mobile Network Coverage: In Nepal, the two major mobile network providers are NTC (Nepal Telecom) and Ncell. They offer prepaid SIM cards that can be bought easily in Kathmandu or other major cities. While these networks provide coverage in many remote areas, the signal strength may vary. Always check the coverage maps before setting out.

    2. Mobile Data Packages: Both NTC and Ncell offer 3G and even 4G services in certain regions. You can purchase data packages according to your needs. However, be prepared for slower speeds in remote areas.

    3. Internet in Tea Houses and Lodges: On the trail leading up to the base camp, you might encounter tea houses or lodges that offer Wi-Fi services, often at an extra charge. The connection might not be fast or reliable, but it’s often sufficient for basic communication.

    4. Satellite Internet: For more reliable connectivity higher up the mountain, satellite internet might be your best bet. Several companies provide satellite phones or internet modems for rent. They allow for data connectivity and voice communication even in the most remote locations.

    5. Local Internet Cafes: In bigger settlements or villages, you might find internet cafes. They might be few and far between as you get closer to Makalu.

    6. Communication at Base Camp: Some expeditions set up satellite internet at base camps for their teams. Check with your expedition organizer about the amenities they provide.

    7. Power and Charging: Remember, charging devices can be a challenge in remote areas. Consider carrying portable chargers, solar chargers, or extra batteries to keep your devices powered.

    8. Cost Consideration: Both mobile data and Wi-Fi in remote areas can be more expensive than in urban centers. Budget accordingly and use data wisely.

    It's important to note that internet connectivity and mobile network coverage can be affected by various factors, including weather conditions, geographic location, and infrastructure limitations. Therefore, it's advisable to plan and manage your communication needs accordingly, especially when venturing into remote areas during the expedition.

    Checklist for the Makalu Expedition

    Here's a comprehensive checklist for the Makalu Expedition


    1. Base Layer: Moisture-wicking thermal tops and bottoms.
    2. Mid Layer: Fleece or insulated jacket and trousers.
    3. Outer Layer: Waterproof and windproof jacket and trousers.
    4. Down Jacket: High-quality down jacket for extreme cold.
    5. Trekking Shirts: Quick-dry, long and short-sleeved.
    6. Trekking Trousers and Shorts.
    7. Hardshell Pants and Jacket: Waterproof and breathable.
    8. Insulated Pants: For high-altitude and summit day.
    9. Underwear.
    10. Sun Hat or Cap.
    11. Warm Wool or Synthetic Hat that covers ears.
    12. Balaclava or Face Mask.
    13. Neck Gaiter or Buff.
    14. Inner and Outer Gloves or Mittens: Insulated and waterproof.
    15. Gaiters: For snow and ice.
    16. Expedition Down Suit: For summit day.


    1. Hiking Boots: Comfortable and broken-in.
    2. Mountaineering Boots: Insulated and crampon-compatible.
    3. Camp Shoes: Down booties or comfortable shoes for the base camp.
    4. Wool or Synthetic Socks: Several pairs.
    5. Crampons: Fit your mountaineering boots.


    1. Backpack: 50-70 liters with rain cover.
    2. Daypack: 25-35 liters.
    3. Sleeping Bag: Rated for at least -30°C.
    4. Sleeping Pad: Inflatable and foam.
    5. Ice Axe: With leash.
    6. Trekking Poles: Lightweight and collapsible.
    7. Headlamp: With extra batteries.
    8. Climbing Harness.
    9. Carabiners: Locking and non-locking.
    10. Mountaineering Helmet.
    11. Ascender (Jumar).
    12. Belay Device.
    13. Prusik Cord.
    14. Glacier Glasses: 100% UV protection and side shields.
    15. Ski Goggles.
    16. Water Bottles or Hydration Bladders.
    17. Pee Bottle: To avoid leaving the tent at night.
    18. Water Purification Tablets or Sterilizer.
    19. Kitchen Supplies: Bowl, mug, utensils, and a lighter.
    20. Knife or Multi-tool.
    21. Large Duffel Bags with lock: For transporting gear.
    22. Trash Bags or Pack Liners.
    23. Repair Kit: For gear and clothing.
    24. Tent: Expedition-quality, 4-season tent.

    Personal Items & Accessories:

    1. Sunscreen: SPF 50+.
    2. Lip Balm: With sunblock.
    3. Wet Wipes.
    4. Towel: Quick-dry.
    5. Toothbrush and Paste.
    6. Soap or Shampoo.
    7. Hand Sanitizer.
    8. Personal First Aid Kit.
    9. Prescription Medications.
    10. Over-the-counter Medications: For pain, diarrhea, etc.
    11. Altitude Sickness Medications.
    12. Ear Plugs.
    13. Biodegradable Toilet Paper.
    14. Satellite Phone or Radio.
    15. Power Bank or Solar Charger.
    16. Camera with extra batteries and memory cards.

    Food & Nutrition:

    1. Energy Bars and Gels.
    2. Dried Fruits and Nuts.
    3. Electrolyte Tablets or Powder.
    4. Throat Lozenges or Hard Candy.
    5. Vitamin and Mineral Supplements.


    1. Passport.
    2. Visas.
    3. Climbing Permits.
    4. Insurance Documents.
    5. Emergency Contacts.

    Please note that this is a general checklist and climbers may need to modify based on personal preferences, advice from their expedition company, and specific route conditions. Always consult with your expedition guide or leader when preparing for the Makalu Expedition.


    Tipping is a common practice in Nepal, including for expedition staff, guides, and porters. While tipping is not mandatory, it is customary and appreciated as a way to acknowledge the hard work and dedication of the individuals who have supported you during your Makalu expedition. Here are some general guidelines for tipping:

    • Expedition Guides: It is recommended to allocate a tip for the expedition guides who have provided guidance, leadership, and support throughout the climb. The amount can vary depend
    • ing on the length and complexity of the expedition, but a typical range is around $20 to $30 per day for the lead guide.
    • Climbing Sherpas: Climbing Sherpas play a crucial role in supporting the expedition and ensuring your safety during the ascent. It is customary to tip the Sherpas individually based on their level of involvement and assistance. The recommended range is around $15 to $20 per day for each climbing Sherpa.
    • Support Staff: This includes cooks, kitchen helpers, porters, and other support staff involved in the expedition. The recommended range for tipping support staff is around $10 to $15 per day, to be divided among the team.
    • Base Camp Staff: If you have a dedicated base camp team, such as a cook and kitchen helpers, it is customary to tip them separately. The recommended amount is around $10 to $15 per day, to be divided among the base camp staff.
    • Group Tip: It is common for expedition members to contribute to a group tip that can be given to the entire staff as a collective token of appreciation. The recommended amount for a group tip is around $50 to $100 per member, depending on the size of the group and the duration of the expedition.

    Remember that these are general guidelines, and tipping is ultimately based on your discretion and satisfaction with the services provided. It's a good idea to prepare a separate envelope with the total tip amount in Nepalese Rupees (NPR) or US Dollars (USD) to distribute at the end of the expedition. 

    1. Introduction of Nepal
    2. Before Traveling Nepal
    3. While You are in Nepal
    4. Before You Plan Nepal Trip
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