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    At a Glance

    • Destination
    • Duration
      50 days
    • Trip Difficulty
    • Activities
      Tour and Trek
    • Accommodation
      3 star standard hotel in Cities, Guest house during trekking and tent during climbing
    • Meals
      All Standard Meals throughout the trip
    • Vehicle
      Private Luxury Tourist Vehicles and Aeroplane
    • Max. People

    About - Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    The Makalu Expedition is a daring and demanding mountaineering venture that takes climbers to the awe-inspiring summit of Mount Makalu, the fifth highest peak in the world at 8,463 meters (27,766 feet). Situated in the Mahalangur Himalayas of Nepal, this expedition offers an extraordinary opportunity to conquer a formidable Himalayan giant. The mountain is situated east of Everest, making close contact with each other. The mountain was named after the Sanskrit word Maha-Kala, which translates as 'big black' and is one of the many names for Lord “Shiva”. Makalu presents mountaineers with a formidable challenge due to its steep and technical terrain, extreme weather conditions, and remote location, attracting seasoned climbers seeking an ultimate test of skill and endurance.

    The Makalu Expedition typically spans several weeks and requires careful acclimatization, establishing high-altitude camps, and navigating treacherous ridges and glaciers. Climbers face various obstacles, including icy slopes, crevasses, and unpredictable avalanches, making it a highly demanding and technically challenging climb. The expedition demands a high level of physical fitness, technical expertise, and mental resilience. However, the reward is immeasurable, as successful climbers are rewarded with breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding Himalayan peaks and an overwhelming sense of achievement at having conquered one of the most formidable mountains on Earth.

    Features of Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    The Makalu Expedition (8,463m) offers several distinctive features and challenges. Here are some notable features of the expedition:

    High Altitude

    Climbing Mount Makalu at an altitude of 8,463 meters (27,766 feet) presents significant physical and mental challenges. The high altitude brings reduced oxygen levels, leading to symptoms like fatigue and shortness of breath. Altitude sickness is a common concern, and climbers must acclimatize properly to prevent severe complications. Extreme weather conditions, including strong winds and sub-zero temperatures, add to the difficulty. Climbers need exceptional physical endurance and mental resilience to cope with the demanding conditions and technical challenges. Proper training, experience, and the support of experienced guides are crucial for a safe and successful ascent of Mount Makalu.

    Technical Difficulty

    Makalu is renowned for its technical climbing routes, with the West Face and Northwest Ridge being particularly challenging. These routes demand a high level of technical proficiency and experience. Climbers face steep slopes, exposed ridges, and sections requiring mixed climbing techniques that involve a combination of rock and ice. Navigating treacherous icefalls adds an additional layer of difficulty. These technical aspects of the climb require climbers to possess advanced mountaineering skills, including ice climbing, rock climbing, roped travel, and efficient route finding. Proper equipment, knowledge of glacier travel, and careful decision-making are essential to safely navigate the technical sections of Makalu's climbing routes.

    Extreme Weather Conditions

    Makalu's extreme weather conditions pose a significant challenge for climbers due to its high altitude and Himalayan location. The mountain is exposed to harsh and unpredictable weather patterns. Climbers must be well-prepared to face extreme cold temperatures, which can drop well below freezing even during the climbing season. Strong winds, gusts, and blizzards are common, adding to the difficulty of the ascent. Rapid weather changes and the potential for storms require climbers to be flexible, make timely decisions, and prioritize safety. Adequate clothing and gear, including insulated and windproof layers, sturdy tents, and reliable weather forecasting, are essential for coping with the extreme weather conditions on Makalu. Climbers must be prepared for the possibility of adverse weather and have contingency plans in place to ensure their safety and success on the mountain.

    Remote and Pristine Environment

    The Makalu region offers a unique and pristine environment that is relatively untouched and less crowded compared to other popular peaks in the Himalayas. The expedition takes climbers through breathtaking landscapes, remote valleys, and untouched alpine environments. The region's remoteness adds to its allure, providing a sense of solitude and tranquility amidst the majestic mountains. Trekking and climbing in this less-frequented area offer a chance to immerse oneself in the raw beauty of nature, away from the hustle and bustle of more heavily visited regions. The pristine alpine environment, with its pristine glaciers, towering peaks, and diverse flora and fauna, creates a truly awe-inspiring backdrop for the expedition. It's an opportunity to experience the wilderness in its purest form and to connect with the unspoiled natural surroundings, making the Makalu expedition a remarkable and unforgettable adventure for those seeking a unique and remote mountain experience.

    Cultural Exploration

    The Makalu region not only offers natural beauty but also provides an opportunity for cultural exploration. The area is inhabited by various ethnic communities, including Sherpas, Rai, and Limbu people, each with their distinct cultures, traditions, and ways of life. During the expedition, climbers have the chance to interact with these local communities, gaining insights into their rich cultural heritage and traditions. From observing traditional ceremonies and festivals to learning about local cuisine, music, and dance, climbers can immerse themselves in the vibrant local culture. The warm hospitality of the locals adds a special touch to the experience, as they welcome climbers into their homes and offer a glimpse into their daily lives. This cultural exchange enriches the expedition, fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of the region and its people.

    Acclimatization Period

    The Makalu expedition recognizes the importance of acclimatization to ensure the safety and well-being of climbers. Multiple acclimatization days are incorporated into the itinerary at various points along the trek. These days are strategically placed to allow climbers to gradually adjust to the high altitude and minimize the risk of altitude-related illnesses, such as acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE).

    Acclimatization involves spending additional time at certain elevations to allow the body to adapt to the lower oxygen levels. It helps stimulate the production of red blood cells and improves oxygen utilization, reducing the likelihood of altitude sickness and improving overall performance at high altitudes.

    During the acclimatization days, climbers typically rest, engage in light activities, and undertake short hikes to higher elevations before descending back to lower camps for sleep. This process helps their bodies gradually adjust to the altitude while minimizing the risk of overexertion and fatigue.

    Proper acclimatization is essential for a successful and safe climb of Makalu. It allows climbers to build up their endurance and mitigate the potential health risks associated with ascending to such high altitudes too quickly. By incorporating acclimatization days into the expedition schedule, climbers have a better chance of adapting to the challenges of high altitude and increasing their chances of reaching the summit safely.

    Experienced Sherpa Support: The expedition typically involves a team of experienced Sherpas who provide support and assistance throughout the climb. They help with route fixing, logistics, setting up camps, and ensuring the safety of the climbers.

    Base Camp Facilities

    At the Makalu Base Camp, climbers are provided with well-managed facilities to ensure their comfort and convenience during their stay. These facilities include:

    Dining Tents: Spacious dining tents are set up to accommodate climbers and provide a communal space for meals. Here, climbers can enjoy nutritious and well-prepared meals, fostering a sense of camaraderie and allowing for social interaction.

    Kitchen Tents: Fully equipped kitchen tents are set up to prepare meals for the climbers. Experienced cooks and kitchen staff ensure that climbers receive nourishing meals to maintain their energy levels during the expedition.

    Communication Tents: Communication tents are established at the base camp to facilitate communication with the outside world. This may include satellite phones or other communication devices, enabling climbers to stay in touch with their support team, family, or expedition organizers.

    Toilets: Proper toilet facilities are set up at the base camp to maintain cleanliness and hygiene. These facilities may include specially designed portable toilets or eco-friendly systems, ensuring the proper disposal of waste in an environmentally responsible manner.

    Shower Tents: Shower tents are provided for climbers to maintain personal hygiene during their stay at the base camp. These tents are equipped with facilities that allow climbers to refresh themselves with hot water showers, providing a welcomed comfort in the high-altitude environment.

    These well-managed base camp facilities aim to enhance the overall experience for climbers, providing them with a comfortable and functional base while they prepare for their ascent. They contribute to the physical well-being, hygiene, and overall morale of the climbers, ensuring a more pleasant and efficient expedition experience at the Makalu Base Camp.

    Oxygen Support

    The Makalu expedition recognizes the importance of supplemental oxygen at high altitudes and includes the provision of oxygen cylinders and masks for both climbers and high-altitude Sherpas. This support is crucial for maintaining adequate oxygen levels during the challenging ascent to the summit. Here are the key points related to oxygen support:

    Oxygen Cylinders: The expedition provides oxygen cylinders, typically with a capacity of 4 liters, to climbers and high-altitude Sherpas. These cylinders contain compressed oxygen that can be used to supplement the natural oxygen levels at higher altitudes.

    Oxygen Masks: Each climber and high-altitude Sherpa is equipped with a set of oxygen masks. These masks are designed to fit securely and deliver oxygen from the cylinders to the user, ensuring a continuous supply of supplemental oxygen.

    High-Altitude Benefits: Supplemental oxygen can be crucial in helping climbers cope with the thin air and reduced oxygen levels at high altitudes. It can alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness, increase physical performance, and enhance overall well-being during the ascent.

    Summit Push: The provision of supplemental oxygen becomes particularly vital during the summit push, when climbers face extreme altitude and challenging conditions. Oxygen can provide an extra boost of energy, improve mental clarity, and enhance the chances of a successful summit.

    Sherpa Support: High-altitude Sherpas, who are experienced and accustomed to climbing at extreme altitudes, also receive oxygen support. This ensures their well-being and helps them carry out their crucial role in supporting climbers during the expedition.

    It's important to note that while oxygen support can be beneficial, it should not be considered a substitute for proper acclimatization and physical fitness. It is still essential for climbers to acclimatize effectively, ascend gradually, and be in good physical condition to cope with the challenges of high-altitude climbing. The use of supplemental oxygen should be done under the guidance of experienced mountaineering professionals who can assess the individual needs and requirements of each climber.

    Spectacular Views

    Reaching the summit of Makalu offers climbers a truly awe-inspiring reward: breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding Himalayan peaks. From this vantage point, climbers are treated to a visual feast of majestic mountains and stunning landscapes. Some of the notable peaks visible from the summit of Makalu include:

    Mount Everest: The world's highest peak, Mount Everest, stands tall in the distance, showcasing its iconic and awe-inspiring presence. Climbers can witness the grandeur of Everest, appreciating its sheer size and the challenges it presents to those who dare to conquer it.

    Lhotse: Adjacent to Everest, Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Its majestic slopes and distinct pyramid shape make for a striking sight from the summit of Makalu.

    Kanchenjunga: To the east of Makalu lies Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world. Its snow-covered summits and surrounding ridges create a dramatic backdrop against the clear Himalayan sky.

    Barun Valley: From the summit, climbers can also take in the panoramic views of the pristine Barun Valley. The valley is home to diverse flora and fauna, alpine meadows, and remote glacial lakes, adding to the natural beauty of the surroundings.

    Other Himalayan Peaks: The sweeping panorama from the summit of Makalu offers glimpses of numerous other Himalayan peaks in the region. These include the likes of Cho Oyu, Baruntse, Ama Dablam, and many more, creating an enchanting tapestry of snow-capped summits.

    These spectacular views from the summit of Makalu offer climbers a unique perspective on the grandeur and scale of the Himalayas. It is a humbling and awe-inspiring experience, providing a sense of accomplishment and a profound connection to the natural wonders of the region.

    It's important to note that the Makalu Expedition is a highly challenging and demanding endeavor that requires excellent physical fitness, mountaineering skills, and proper training. It is recommended to join an organized expedition led by experienced guides and ensure thorough preparation for a safe and successful climb.

    Best Time for the Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    Each season has its own unique characteristics and considerations for the Makalu Expedition:

    Spring Season (April to May)

    The spring season is widely regarded as the best time for the Makalu Expedition. During this period, the weather begins to stabilize after the winter months, and climbers can expect relatively milder temperatures and less precipitation. The skies are generally clear, providing excellent visibility and stunning views of the surrounding peaks. The stable weather conditions and longer daylight hours make it ideal for climbing. However, the spring season is also more popular, and the trails and base camp may be relatively busier compared to other seasons.

    Autumn Season (September to November)

    The autumn season is the second best time for the Makalu Expedition. It offers dry and stable weather conditions with reduced chances of rainfall. The temperatures are cooler compared to spring, but still manageable for climbing. The autumn season provides excellent visibility, allowing climbers to appreciate the panoramic views of the Himalayan peaks. It is generally less crowded than the spring season, offering a quieter and more serene climbing experience. However, it's important to note that weather conditions can still be unpredictable, and occasional weather disturbances may occur.

    Winter Season (December to February)

    The winter season is generally not recommended for the Makalu Expedition due to extreme cold temperatures, heavy snowfall, and harsh weather conditions. The high altitude makes the climbing routes more challenging and dangerous during this season. The lack of visibility and increased risk of avalanches make it significantly more hazardous. However, for experienced and well-equipped mountaineers seeking extreme challenges, limited winter expeditions may be attempted with proper planning, specialized equipment, and precautions.

    Monsoon Season (June to August)

    The monsoon season is not suitable for the Makalu Expedition. This period experiences heavy rainfall, cloudy weather, and increased chances of storms. The trails become slippery, and the risk of landslides and avalanches escalates. The monsoon season is considered unsuitable for climbing due to poor visibility, difficult trail conditions, and increased risks to climbers' safety. It is recommended to avoid this season for the Makalu Expedition.

    Ultimately, the choice of the best time for the Makalu Expedition depends on various factors such as personal preference, fitness level, climbing experience, and risk tolerance. It is essential to consult with experienced mountaineering guides or local authorities for the most up-to-date and accurate information about weather conditions and climbing suitability before planning your expedition.

    Permits for the Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    To undertake the Makalu Expedition, climbers are required to obtain several permits and fees. Here are the main permits needed for the expedition:

    Expedition Royalty and Permit

    Climbers must obtain the Expedition Royalty and Permit from the Nepal Government. This permit grants permission to climb Mount Makalu. The permit fee varies depending on the number of climbers in the team and the season of the expedition. It is generally a significant cost component of the expedition.

    Makalu-Barun National Park Permit and Fee

    The Makalu-Barun National Park is a protected area that encompasses the region surrounding Mount Makalu.
    Climbers are required to obtain the Makalu-Barun National Park Permit and pay the associated fee. This permit helps support conservation efforts and preserves the natural environment.

    TIMS (Trekkers' Information Management System) Card

    Climbers need to obtain the TIMS card, which is managed by the Nepal Tourism Board and Trekking Agencies' Association of Nepal (TAAN).
    The TIMS card is a registration system designed to maintain a record of trekkers and climbers in Nepal. It helps ensure safety and facilitates the provision of necessary support and rescue services.

    It is important to note that the permit fees and specific requirements may be subject to change, so it is advisable to check with authorized trekking agencies or the Nepal government's tourism department for the most up-to-date information. Additionally, climbers are typically required to provide necessary personal information, passport details, and passport-sized photographs while applying for these permits.

    Important notes on Makalu Expedition (8,463m)

    When embarking on the Makalu Expedition, there are several important notes to keep in mind:

    Physical Fitness: The Makalu Expedition is a demanding and strenuous endeavor. It requires excellent physical fitness, endurance, and strength. Prioritize physical training and conditioning to ensure you are adequately prepared for the physical challenges of climbing at high altitudes.

    Mountaineering Experience: The Makalu Expedition is a technically challenging climb. It is recommended that climbers have previous experience in high-altitude mountaineering, preferably with experience in technical climbing and exposure to challenging terrain.

    Acclimatization: Proper acclimatization is crucial for your safety and success. The expedition includes acclimatization periods at various points along the trek to allow your body to adapt to the high altitude gradually. Follow the guidance of your expedition leaders and prioritize a gradual ascent to minimize the risk of altitude-related illnesses.

    Weather Conditions: The weather in the high Himalayas can be harsh and unpredictable. Be prepared for extreme cold temperatures, strong winds, and potential storms. Stay updated on weather forecasts and be flexible with your schedule to make informed decisions for your safety.

    Equipment and Gear: Invest in high-quality mountaineering equipment and gear that is suitable for the challenging conditions of the Makalu Expedition. This includes proper clothing, footwear, climbing gear, camping equipment, and personal protective equipment. Ensure your equipment is in good condition and properly fitted before the expedition.

    Experienced Guides and Support: Joining an organized expedition led by experienced guides is highly recommended. They have knowledge of the route, expertise in high-altitude mountaineering, and can provide essential guidance and support throughout the expedition.

    Respect Local Culture and Environment: The Makalu region is home to diverse ethnic communities and a fragile alpine ecosystem. Respect the local culture, customs, and environment. Follow Leave No Trace principles, adhere to designated trails, and minimize your impact on the natural surroundings.

    Safety Precautions: Prioritize safety at all times. Follow safety protocols, listen to your expedition leaders, and be prepared to make decisions that prioritize your well-being. Pay attention to your own health and that of your team members, and be vigilant for signs of altitude sickness or other health issues.

    By keeping these important notes in mind, you can better prepare yourself for the challenges and maximize your chances of a safe and successful Makalu Expedition.

    Alternative 8000m Mountain Expeditions 

    We Offer the Following similar 8000m Mountain Expedition in Nepal

    Mt Everest Expedition (8848.86 m)
    Manaslu Expedition (8,163 m)
    Dhaulagiri Expedition (8,167 m)
    Kanchenjunga Expedition (8,586 m)
    Lhotse Expedition (8,516 m)

    We also offer peak climbing expeditions in Nepal at altitudes of 7000 and 6000 meters.

    7000 M Peaks for Climbing and Expedition

    Gangapurna Expedition (7,455 m)
    Pumori Expedition (7,145 m)
    Tilicho Peak Expedition (7,134 m)
    Annapurna South Expedition (7,219 m)

    6000 M Peaks for Climbing and Expedition in Nepal

    Mt Ama Dablam Expedition (6,812 m)
    Island Peak Expedition (6,160 m)
    Mera Peak Climbing (6,476 m)
    Chulu West Peak Climbing (6,419 m)
    Pisang Peak Climbing (6,091 m)
    Singu Chuli Peak Climbing (6,501 m)
    Island Peak Climbing with Everest Base Camp Trek
    Lobuche Peak Climbing with Everest Base Camp

    If you need any further information, please contact us, Email: [email protected], Phone: +977- 985 100 5129 (WhatsApp)

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    Makalu Expedition (8,463m) Itinerary

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    What's Included

      All ground transport in a private vehicle, including airport and hotel transfers
      Four nights' accommodation with breakfast at a 3-star category hotel in Kathmandu
      Assistance for cargo clearance in Nepal’s Customs Department, clearance cost is subject to a charge. *before the expedition.
      Expedition Royalty and permit of Nepal Government to climb Mt. Makalu, Makalu-Barun National Park permit & fee.
      1 Government Liaison officer with full equipment, salary, and accommodation.
      Stool Shipment Transfer & Garbage Deposit fees.
      Medical & Emergency rescue Insurance for all involved Nepalese staff during the trek and expedition.
    • MAP:
      Trekking Route Map.
      Air Transportation (Domestic Flight): Fly from Kathmandu – Tumlingtar and drive from Tumlingtar to Num. While returning drive from Num to Tumlingtar and fly from Tumlingtar – to Kathmandu, as per the itinerary.
      Necessary all equipment Transportation for all Members and Staff from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar (by air cargo/vehicle) and to Base camp (by Jeep and Porters) – While returning: Base camp to Tumlingtar (by porters and Jeep) and Tumlingtar to Kathmandu (by air cargo/vehicle). -Member’s personal equipment will be transported by air.
    • LUGGAGE:
      Up to 60 Kg per member for personal baggage during the trek carried by porter or Yak.
      3 meals a day (BLD; including tea and coffee) along with accessible accommodation at Hotel/Lodge/Tea house/Camp during the trek and BC. Well-managed base camp set up for members & Staff. Kailas or the north face tents will be set up while camping on sharing basis.
      All Necessary equipment for Camping during the trek.
    • PORTERS:
      Porters per member up to Base camp from Num & Porters return from Base camp to Num.
      Experienced and well-trained Base Camp Cook & kitchen Helpers as required.
      All Nepalese staff & porter’s daily wages, equipment, food & clothing.
      Each member will have an individual Yak Mountain or Kailas tent in Base Camp.
      At Base camp: foam mattresses and pillow per member, 1 Dinning Tent, 1 Kitchen Tent, 1 Communication tent, 1 Toilet & 1 Shower Tent, 1 Staffs Tent, 1 Tent for Nepalese base camp staff, Store tent, Tables & chairs & all necessary cooking gears.
    • HEATER:
      Heater for base camp in each Dining and another necessary camp.
      1 Solar panel or Generator for battery charge and light at base camp for use.
      1 veteran and Government Licensed Climbing Sherpa per member. (1 Member: 1 Sherpa).
      Climbing Sherpa's Salary, Equipment, Food, and Clothing.
      Summit Oxygen cylinder: 3 oxygen bottles (4 ltrs.) for each member and 1 oxygen bottle for each high-altitude Sherpa. **
      1 Set of Summit Oxygen masks & regulators for each member and high-altitude Sherpa. **
      Back up Oxygen Cylinder, mask, and regulator (with appropriate charge).
      High Altitude Tent, Necessary cooking EPI gas, cooking pots for a member, High food for a member, Sherpa, all climbing and other crews at (C1) (C2) (C3) and (C4). Group climbing gears, fixed and dynamic rope during the climbing period as required.
      The team of experienced Sherpas will fix the route on Makalu (no extra charge will be applied to members).
      Satellite Phone for emergency communication carried by Sherpa, also available for members with appropriate charge.
      Walkie–Talkie for communicating from Base Camp to Mountain and Mountain to Base Camp.
      Satellite Phone/walkie-talkie permit for all members and staff.
      Weather forecast report from Meteotest, Bern (Switzerland) during the entire expedition.
      Comprehensive Medical kit.
      Mt. Makalu climbing certificate issued by MoCTCA (after climbing Mt. Makalu successfully).

    What's Excluded

      International flight airfare (from and to Kathmandu).
      The Nepali Visa fee is US$ 60 per person for 30 days (to be applied for 60 days (USD$ 120).
      Lunch & dinner during the stay in Kathmandu (also in case of early return from Trekking / Expedition than the scheduled itinerary).
      Extra nights’ accommodation in Kathmandu. In case of early arrival or late departure, early return from Trekking / Expedition (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary.
      Travel and high-altitude insurance, accident, Helicopter medical & emergency evacuation. *Mandatory
      Medical and emergency rescue evacuation costs if required. (Rescue, Repatriation, Helicopter, Medication, Medical Tests, and Hospitalization costs.)
      Telephone Calls, Internet, Toiletries, battery recharge, hot shower, laundry, soft drinks, beers, and any Alcoholic beverages (during the trek and in Kathmandu but we will serve all kinds of beverages for members on base camp).
      Clothing, Packing Items or Bags, Personal Medical Kit, Personal Trekking /Climbing Gears.
    • FILMING:
      Special Filming, Camera, and Drone permit fee.
      Soaps, shampoos, toilet and tissue papers, toothpaste, and other items used to keep yourself clean.
      Not included during the trek and the expedition.
      Summit bonus for climbing Sherpa- Minimum 1500 USD.
    • TIPS:
      Tips for guides & basecamp staff.
    • EXTRA:
      Any other services or activities, which are not mentioned in the itinerary. Any other item not listed in the “Cost Includes” section.
    1. Introduction of Nepal
    2. Before Traveling Nepal
    3. While You are in Nepal
    4. Before You Plan Nepal Trip

    Dates & Availability

    • M
      - Excellent
      Mr. Maximilian
      United States of America (the), New York

      It was a good and excellent trip

      My family and I have been interested in climbing peaks for a long time. It was a good and excellent trip. The guides were professional and knowledgeable. They took care and gave some motivation while climbing the peak. The director of the company is responsible. They provide better service on the trip. It was amazing and more durable while climbing the peak. I feel more comfortable and have proper guidance on the trip. I will travel for upcoming years and we feel the best-experienced trek in this company. 

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    • J
      - Excellent
      Mr. Jonas
      United States of America (the), New York

      We chose the best company,

      We recently completed the peak climbing in Nepal. The view  is genuinely breathtaking.We chose the best company, Luxury Holidays Nepal. Our guide Ram is the best guide and he made a wonderful trip while climbing the peak. Our team completed moderate climbing and hiking experience. It was a wonderful experience. We were provided with good food, comfortable accommodation and excellent guidance. Hopefully, we will do the next trip with the company as soon as possible.


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    • C
      - Excellent
      Ms. Clara
      United States of America (the), California

      Thank you Resham and the entire LHN Team

      Thank you Resham and the entire LHN Team for the wonderful trip. We had memorable peak climbing. Everything was managed properly from start to end. The trip offered me an incredible view of the mountain and sunrise-sunset from the row of the Himalayas. They made me really comfortable as it was my first trip to the mountain. One of the best experiences ever! Everything was perfectly managed according to the itinerary! It was the best decision to choose Luxury Holidays Nepal as a travel company. I will do another trek in future with this company.

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    Makalu Expedition (8,463m) FAQs

    Got a question about Makalu Expedition (8,463m)?

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    Ask a Question

    Essential Information

    Tourist Visa

    To visit Nepal for tourism purposes, most foreign nationals are required to obtain a Tourist Visa. Here are some key points regarding the Tourist Visa for Nepal:

    Visa Application

    • Tourists can apply for a Nepal Tourist Visa prior to their arrival at a Nepali Embassy or Consulate in their home country.
    • Alternatively, tourists can also obtain a visa upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or other designated entry points in Nepal.

    Duration and Validity

    • The Tourist Visa is typically issued for multiple entry and allows a stay of up to 15, 30, or 90 days.
    • The visa duration and validity depend on the applicant's preference and payment of the respective visa fee.

    Visa Extension

    • If tourists wish to extend their stay in Nepal beyond the initially granted duration, they can apply for a visa extension at the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu or at the Immigration Office in Pokhara.
    • Visa extensions can usually be granted for a maximum period of up to 150 days in a calendar year.

    Required Documents

    • When applying for a Tourist Visa, tourists typically need to submit their passport with a minimum validity of six months, a completed visa application form, and the applicable visa fee.
    • Tourists may also need to provide a recent passport-sized photograph and other supporting documents as requested by the Nepali Embassy/Consulate or immigration authorities.

    Visa Fees

    • The visa fees for a Tourist Visa vary depending on the duration of stay, such as 15 days, 30 days, or 90 days.
    • The fees are payable in USD or the equivalent in other major currencies.


    • Tourists can obtain a Tourist Visa upon arrival at the immigration counters of Tribhuvan International Airport or other designated entry points.
    • Visa-on-arrival services are available for most nationalities, and the required visa fees can be paid in cash (USD or major currencies) or by credit card.

    It is important to note that visa regulations and requirements may change, so it is recommended to check with the nearest Nepali Embassy/Consulate or visit the official website of the Department of Immigration of Nepal for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding the Tourist Visa requirements.

    On-Arrival Visa Fee at Entry Points
    15 Days – 30 USD
    30 Days – 50 USD
    90 Days – 125 USD

    Getting in Nepal

    Nepal, nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, offers a range of options for travelers to enter the country. The most common and convenient way to reach Nepal is by air through Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, the capital city. Numerous international airlines operate regular flights to Kathmandu from major cities around the world, making it easily accessible for travelers from different countries. Upon arrival at the airport, travelers will need to go through immigration and customs procedures. It is advisable to have all necessary travel documents, including a valid passport, visa, and any required permits, readily available for inspection.

    To ensure a smooth start to the expedition, it is crucial to provide your arrival details in advance to us. This allows us to make appropriate arrangements for your airport pickup, where you will be picked up by a Luxury Holidays Nepal representative and transfer to your accommodation in Kathmandu. So, it is important to promptly inform our team if there are any delays or changes to your flight schedule so that we can adjust their arrangements accordingly.

    Domestic Flights

    Domestic flights in Nepal are the main intercommunication to reach the region where you are going for your expedition as most of these regions are disconnected by road transport. Your flights into the Khumbu and any other region that are mentioned in your trip program will be reserved by us on your behalf. Due to the terrain and landscapes of Nepal domestic flights might get caught in weather delays which is why we recommend your return flight back home be changeable at any time.

    Altitude Sickness

    Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a condition that can occur when ascending to high altitudes too quickly, without allowing sufficient time for the body to acclimatize. It is caused by the reduced availability of oxygen at higher elevations. Altitude sickness can affect anyone, regardless of age, fitness level, or previous experience at high altitudes. Here are some important points to know about altitude sickness:


    • Symptoms of altitude sickness can vary but commonly include headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, and difficulty sleeping.
    • More severe forms of altitude sickness, such as high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), can also occur and require immediate medical attention.


    • Gradual ascent: Ascend gradually to allow your body to acclimatize. Avoid rapid ascents, especially to high altitudes above 3,000 meters (9,800 feet).
    • Hydration: Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Avoid excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption.
    • Proper nutrition: Maintain a balanced diet and consume sufficient calories to fuel your body.
    • Rest and acclimatization days: Take rest days at higher elevations to allow your body to adjust to the altitude.
    • Medication: Consult with a medical professional about the use of medication, such as acetazolamide (Diamox), which can help prevent and alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness.


    • Pay attention to your body and recognize the early signs of altitude sickness. Inform your guide or fellow climbers if you experience any symptoms.
    • Monitor others in your group for signs of altitude sickness and be prepared to assist if needed.


    • If experiencing symptoms of altitude sickness, it is important to descend to a lower altitude.
    • Resting, hydrating, and allowing time for acclimatization can help alleviate mild symptoms.
    • In more severe cases, immediate descent and medical attention are necessary. Prompt evacuation to a lower altitude or medical facility may be required.

    Preparation and Education

    • Prioritize physical fitness and proper training before attempting high-altitude climbs.
    • Educate yourself about altitude sickness, its symptoms, prevention measures, and appropriate response in case of illness.
    • Travel with experienced guides who are trained in recognizing and managing altitude sickness.

    Altitude sickness should be taken seriously, and it is essential to prioritize your safety when climbing at high altitudes. By understanding the risks, taking necessary precautions, and being vigilant about your own health and those of your fellow climbers, you can minimize the chances of experiencing altitude sickness and enjoy a safer and more successful expedition.


    Money management is an important aspect to consider when traveling in Nepal, especially during your expedition. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

    ATMs and Card Acceptance

    In Nepal, access to ATMs is generally good in most city areas, but it can be limited in rural regions. Different banks have varying withdrawal limits, so it's important to check with your bank regarding the maximum withdrawal amount per transaction. Hotels, restaurants, airlines, and travel agents in urban areas usually accept cards, with Visa and Mastercard being widely accepted. However, in rural areas and trekking regions, card acceptance may be limited or unavailable. It's advisable to carry enough cash, especially in Nepalese currency, for areas with limited ATM access and to have some reserve cash for emergencies. While USD is selectively accepted, it's more important to have Nepalese currency on hand during your expedition in Nepal.

    Nepalese Currency

    The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). It is important to have Nepalese currency on hand, especially during your expedition in remote areas where USD may not be widely accepted. Exchange your currency to Nepalese Rupees at authorized currency exchange counters, banks, or hotels. Avoid exchanging money with unauthorized individuals or street vendors.

    Remember to inform your bank and credit card provider about your travel plans to Nepal, as some financial institutions may put a temporary hold on cards if they see unusual international transactions. Having a mix of cash and cards, along with sufficient Nepalese currency, will ensure that you are well-prepared for various payment needs throughout your expedition in Nepal.

    Insurance for Makalu Expedition 

    Climbing insurance is highly recommended for the Makalu Expedition or any other high-altitude mountaineering adventure. Here are some key points to consider regarding climbing insurance:

    • Obtain comprehensive climbing insurance specifically tailored for high-altitude mountaineering.
    • Confirm coverage for emergency medical expenses, evacuation, and rescue.
    • Ensure coverage for pre-existing conditions and high-altitude activities.
    • Understand policy limits, deductibles, and claim procedures.
    • Compare reputable insurance providers specializing in adventure or mountaineering coverage.
    • Read the policy thoroughly and consult with experts to choose suitable coverage.

    Remember, climbing insurance is your financial protection against unforeseen events and emergencies during the Makalu Expedition. 


    When it comes to drinking water in Nepal, it is important to prioritize safe and clean drinking water to avoid waterborne illnesses. Here are some key points to consider:

    Bottled Water: Bottled water is readily available in most urban areas, tourist destinations, and trekking regions of Nepal. Look for reputable brands and check the seal to ensure that the bottle is properly sealed and not tampered with. While convenient, keep in mind that the disposal of plastic bottles can have negative environmental impacts. Consider using refillable water bottles with a built-in filter or purification system to reduce plastic waste.

    Purification Tablets or Drops: Another option is to use water purification tablets or drops that are readily available in pharmacies or outdoor stores. Follow the instructions provided on the packaging for proper usage and wait for the specified time before consuming the water.

    Boiled Water: Boiling water is an effective method to make it safe for drinking. Bring water to a rolling boil for at least one minute to kill any harmful bacteria or pathogens. This method is commonly used in tea houses, lodges, and guesthouses during treks or in areas where access to bottled water is limited.

    Water Filters and Purifiers: Portable water filters or purifiers are effective in removing impurities and pathogens from water sources. These devices use different filtration methods, such as activated carbon or ceramic filters, to purify the water. They are useful for outdoor activities and trekking expeditions.

    Avoid Tap Water and Unreliable Sources: It is generally advised to avoid drinking tap water in Nepal, as it may not be properly treated for consumption. Be cautious with water from unknown sources, such as streams, rivers, or untreated wells, as it may contain harmful contaminants.

    Hydration: Staying hydrated is crucial, especially in high-altitude environments. Drink plenty of fluids, even if you do not feel excessively thirsty. In addition to drinking water, you can also consume other hydrating beverages such as herbal tea, soups, and fresh fruit juices.

    Remember, the quality of water can vary, so it is important to prioritize safe drinking water to maintain your health during your expedition in Nepal. 


    Safety is a top priority when undertaking the Makalu Expedition or any other outdoor adventure in Nepal. Here are some important safety considerations to keep in mind:

    Experienced Guides and Support Staff: Engaging experienced guides and support staff is crucial for ensuring safety during the Makalu Expedition. These professionals have in-depth knowledge of the region, terrain, and weather conditions. They are trained in mountaineering skills, emergency response, and first aid, providing valuable guidance and support throughout the expedition.

    Physical Fitness and Training: Prioritizing physical fitness and undergoing proper training is essential for the demands of high-altitude climbing. Adequate physical conditioning helps improve endurance, strength, and stamina required for the expedition. Consulting with a healthcare professional ensures you are in good health and physically capable of undertaking the challenges involved.

    Altitude Acclimatization: Allowing sufficient time for proper altitude acclimatization is vital to reduce the risk of altitude sickness. Ascending gradually and incorporating rest days at higher altitudes allows your body to adjust to the decreasing oxygen levels. This helps minimize the chances of altitude-related illnesses and ensures a safer and more enjoyable climb.

    Weather Awareness: Being informed about weather conditions and forecasts is crucial for planning a safe climb. Weather in mountainous areas can be unpredictable, so staying updated on weather changes is important. Planning the expedition during favorable weather windows and being prepared for sudden changes in conditions helps mitigate potential risks.

    Proper Equipment and Gear: Investing in high-quality mountaineering equipment and gear is essential for safety during the expedition. This includes suitable clothing for varying weather conditions, sturdy footwear, climbing equipment, and protective gear. Ensuring that your equipment is well-maintained and in good condition is crucial for optimal performance and safety.

    Emergency Preparedness: Carrying a comprehensive first aid kit and having basic first aid knowledge is important for addressing minor injuries and illnesses during the expedition. It is advisable to carry communication devices such as a satellite phone or walkie-talkie for emergency communication. Understanding evacuation procedures and having contingency plans in place for emergencies is crucial for swift and effective response.

    Environmental Responsibility: Respecting the environment and practicing Leave No Trace principles is important to minimize your impact on the natural surroundings. Follow designated trails, dispose of waste properly, and be mindful of the fragile ecosystem. Adhering to environmental responsibility ensures the preservation of the natural beauty for future generations.

    Personal Safety Measures: Following safety guidelines provided by guides and support staff is essential. Stay alert and aware of your surroundings, particularly during challenging sections of the climb. Promptly communicate any concerns or issues to guides or fellow climbers. Prioritizing personal safety through responsible decision-making and caution is crucial throughout the expedition.

    By considering these points and adhering to the explanations provided, you can ensure a safer and more successful Makalu Expedition experience, enjoying the breathtaking beauty of the region while minimizing potential risks and challenges.

    Vaccinations & Immunization

    Before embarking on the Makalu Expedition or any travel to Nepal, it is crucial to consult with a travel clinic or healthcare professional for personalized advice on vaccinations and immunizations. Here are some commonly recommended vaccinations and immunizations to consider:

    Routine Vaccinations: Ensure that your routine vaccinations, such as Chickenpox, Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTaP), Polio, and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), are up to date.

    Covid-19 Vaccine: Given the ongoing global pandemic, it is important to follow the latest guidelines regarding Covid-19 vaccinations. Check with your healthcare provider for information on Covid-19 vaccine requirements and recommendations for travel.

    Hepatitis A and B: Hepatitis A and B vaccines are recommended for travelers to Nepal, as these diseases can be transmitted through contaminated food, water, or bodily fluids.

    Typhoid: Typhoid fever is prevalent in Nepal, and vaccination is advisable, especially if you will be staying in rural areas or consuming food and water from potentially unsafe sources.

    Yellow Fever: Nepal itself is not a yellow fever-endemic country, so a yellow fever vaccination certificate is generally not required unless you are arriving from a yellow fever endemic region. However, it is always best to check the latest requirements and consult with your healthcare provider.

    Rabies: Rabies vaccinations may be considered if you plan to have close contact with animals or are venturing into remote areas where medical facilities may be limited.

    Malaria: The Manaslu region of Nepal is generally not considered a high-risk area for malaria. However, if you plan to extend your trip to other parts of Nepal or neighboring countries with malaria risk, consult with your healthcare provider for appropriate anti-malarial medication.

    Other Vaccinations: Depending on your individual health and travel plans, other vaccinations such as Encephalitis, Shingles, or additional booster doses may be recommended. Discuss these with your healthcare provider.

    Remember to schedule your vaccinations and immunizations well in advance of your expedition, as some vaccines may require multiple doses or take time to become effective.

    Internet and SIM Card

    Internet access and having a local SIM card can greatly enhance your communication and connectivity during your expedition in Nepal. Here's some information about internet and SIM cards in Nepal:

    Internet Access: Internet access is readily available in urban areas like Kathmandu and Pokhara, with numerous hotels, cafes, and restaurants offering Wi-Fi facilities. However, in more remote and rural areas, internet connectivity may be limited or unavailable. Trekking regions and base camps often have little to no internet access. It's advisable to inform your loved ones and contacts about the limited connectivity in advance, and set expectations accordingly.

    Local SIM Card: Getting a local SIM card in Nepal is a convenient way to have access to mobile data and stay connected during your expedition. Nepal has several major telecommunications providers such as NTC (Nepal Telecom) and Ncell, offering SIM cards and prepaid packages for voice calls, texts, and data. You can easily purchase a local SIM card at the airport upon arrival or at various shops and kiosks in urban areas. To obtain a SIM card, you will need to provide a copy of your passport and a passport-sized photo, along with completing a registration form. Different SIM card packages are available, offering varying data allowances and validity periods. Choose a package that suits your communication needs during the expedition. Make sure to check the coverage and network availability in the specific regions you'll be visiting, as coverage can vary in more remote areas.

    Internet Cafes: In some areas, particularly in towns and cities, you may find internet cafes where you can access the internet for a fee.
    These internet cafes typically provide desktop computers with internet connectivity, allowing you to browse the web, check emails, or make online calls.

    It's important to note that internet connectivity and mobile network coverage can be affected by various factors, including weather conditions, geographic location, and infrastructure limitations. Therefore, it's advisable to plan and manage your communication needs accordingly, especially when venturing into remote areas during the expedition.


    Tipping is a common practice in Nepal, including for expedition staff, guides, and porters. While tipping is not mandatory, it is customary and appreciated as a way to acknowledge the hard work and dedication of the individuals who have supported you during your Makalu expedition. Here are some general guidelines for tipping:

    • Expedition Guides: It is recommended to allocate a tip for the expedition guides who have provided guidance, leadership, and support throughout the climb. The amount can vary depend
    • ing on the length and complexity of the expedition, but a typical range is around $20 to $30 per day for the lead guide.
    • Climbing Sherpas: Climbing Sherpas play a crucial role in supporting the expedition and ensuring your safety during the ascent. It is customary to tip the Sherpas individually based on their level of involvement and assistance. The recommended range is around $15 to $20 per day for each climbing Sherpa.
    • Support Staff: This includes cooks, kitchen helpers, porters, and other support staff involved in the expedition. The recommended range for tipping support staff is around $10 to $15 per day, to be divided among the team.
    • Base Camp Staff: If you have a dedicated base camp team, such as a cook and kitchen helpers, it is customary to tip them separately. The recommended amount is around $10 to $15 per day, to be divided among the base camp staff.
    • Group Tip: It is common for expedition members to contribute to a group tip that can be given to the entire staff as a collective token of appreciation. The recommended amount for a group tip is around $50 to $100 per member, depending on the size of the group and the duration of the expedition.

    Remember that these are general guidelines, and tipping is ultimately based on your discretion and satisfaction with the services provided. It's a good idea to prepare a separate envelope with the total tip amount in Nepalese Rupees (NPR) or US Dollars (USD) to distribute at the end of the expedition. 

    1. Introduction of Nepal
    2. Before Traveling Nepal
    3. While You are in Nepal
    4. Before You Plan Nepal Trip
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