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    Annapurna South Expedition (7,219 m)

    5.00/5 from 12 reviews

    At a Glance

    • Destination
    • Duration
      32 days
    • Trip Difficulty
    • Activities
      Trek and Climbing
    • Accommodation
      3 star standard hotel in Cities, Guest house during trekking and tent during climbing
    • Meals
      All Standard Meals throughout the trip
    • Vehicle
      Private Luxury Tourist Vehicles and Aeroplane
    • Max. People

    About - Annapurna South Expedition (7,219 m)

    Annapurna South, one of the offshoots of the tenth highest mountain in the world, is located at an elevation of 7219m within the 55km long Annapurna massif. The Kali Gandaki River, which divides Annapurna from the Dhaulagiri range, cuts a large gap through the Himalayan Mountains to the east. One of the well-known 7,000-meter peaks, Annapurna South, offers breathtaking panoramas of the Himalayas, as well as vegetation, animals, and challenging treks. You can see the massive mass of Mt. Dhaulagiri and Machhapuchhre as well as the Annapurna in its entirety.

    The Annapurna Conservation Area, or ACAP, includes Annapurna South among its protected areas. There are many well-known trekking routes and expedition peaks throughout the entire area. You can anticipate seeing some of the uncommon and unusual flora and fauna since the area is protected by the government of Nepal. With steep terrain on the climax edge and the crossing of steep, precarious slopes beneath the highest point, the Annapurna South trek is regarded as difficult and challenging. For individuals seeking to conquer Annapurna South's highest point, previous experience of climbing a mountain peak or trekking a peak is advised, as well as being in good physical and mental health condition.

    Features of Annapurna South Expedition

    Annapurna South Expedition is a challenging and exhilarating mountaineering endeavor that takes place in the Annapurna region of Nepal. Here are some of the notable features of the Annapurna South Expedition:

    Scenic Beauty

    Majestic Mountains: The Annapurna massif is home to several towering peaks, including Annapurna I, which is one of the highest peaks in the world. The snow-capped mountains create a stunning backdrop throughout the expedition, offering breathtaking views and a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur.

    Annapurna Sanctuary: The route to Annapurna South takes you through the Annapurna Sanctuary, a natural amphitheater surrounded by Himalayan giants. This sanctuary is a high-altitude plateau encircled by mountains, providing a unique and awe-inspiring experience.

    Diverse Landscapes: The Annapurna region boasts a remarkable variety of landscapes, ranging from lush forests to alpine meadows and barren high-altitude terrain. As you ascend, you'll witness the transition from dense forests with rhododendron and bamboo to rocky slopes and glacier-covered peaks.

    Waterfalls and Rivers: The region is adorned with numerous waterfalls cascading down from the mountains. The gushing rivers and streams add to the beauty of the landscape, creating a soothing and serene ambiance as you trek along the trails.

    Vibrant Flora and Fauna: The Annapurna region is renowned for its rich biodiversity. You'll encounter a diverse array of plant life, including colorful rhododendron forests, pine forests, and various alpine flowers. The region is also home to wildlife such as the elusive snow leopard, Himalayan thar, and different bird species, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts.

    Sunrise and Sunsets: One of the most captivating experiences during the expedition is witnessing sunrise and sunset from the vantage points along the trek. The mountains come alive with hues of gold and pink, creating a magical and unforgettable spectacle.

    Cultural Heritage: The Annapurna region is dotted with traditional villages inhabited by ethnic communities, such as Gurungs and Magars. These villages provide glimpses into the local culture and lifestyle, with their unique architecture, terraced fields, and warm hospitality. Interacting with the locals adds a cultural dimension to the scenic beauty of the region.

    The scenic beauty of the Annapurna region is truly awe-inspiring and offers a feast for the eyes. It is one of the main attractions for trekkers and mountaineers undertaking the Annapurna South Expedition, providing an unforgettable experience amidst the grandeur of the Himalayas.

    Mountain Views

    The Annapurna South Expedition offers breathtaking mountain views that are truly awe-inspiring. Here are some of the stunning mountain views you can expect during the expedition:

    Annapurna I: As the main peak in the Annapurna massif, Annapurna I dominates the skyline. Standing at an elevation of 8,091 meters (26,545 feet), it presents a majestic sight with its towering snow-capped summit. The views of Annapurna I from various vantage points along the expedition are simply awe-inspiring.

    Annapurna II, III, and IV: The Annapurna massif is home to several other prominent peaks apart from Annapurna I. Annapurna II (7,937 meters), Annapurna III (7,555 meters), and Annapurna IV (7,525 meters) create a stunning panorama. These peaks, along with Annapurna I, form a magnificent mountain range that captivates climbers throughout the expedition.

    Machapuchare (Fishtail): Machapuchare, also known as Fishtail, is one of the most distinctive and recognizable mountains in the Annapurna region. Its double summit resembles a fish's tail, giving it its name. The pyramid-shaped peak rises to an altitude of 6,993 meters (22,943 feet) and offers mesmerizing views during the expedition.

    Dhaulagiri: Although Dhaulagiri is not part of the Annapurna massif, it is visible from various points along the trek. Dhaulagiri, the seventh-highest mountain in the world at 8,167 meters (26,795 feet), presents a spectacular sight with its snow-covered slopes and jagged ridges.

    Hiunchuli and Gangapurna: Hiunchuli (6,441 meters) and Gangapurna (7,455 meters) are two prominent peaks in the Annapurna region that add to the mountain vistas. These peaks, with their striking features and imposing presence, enhance the scenic beauty of the expedition.

    Panoramic Views: The Annapurna region offers breathtaking panoramic views of the entire mountain range. As you ascend and reach higher vantage points, you'll be rewarded with sweeping vistas of multiple peaks, snow-covered valleys, and glaciers. These panoramic views provide a sense of grandeur and create unforgettable memories.

    The mountain views during the Annapurna South Expedition are truly captivating. The sight of these majestic peaks, with their snow-capped summits, rugged features, and dramatic landscapes, is a remarkable experience that showcases the sheer beauty and power of the Himalayas.

    Technical Challenges

    The Annapurna South Expedition presents several technical challenges that climbers must overcome. These challenges require a high level of mountaineering skills, experience, and physical fitness. Here are some of the technical challenges involved:

    Steep and Technical Terrain: The ascent of Annapurna South involves navigating steep and technical terrain. Climbers encounter sections of exposed rock, snow, and ice, which require proficiency in climbing techniques like rock climbing, ice climbing, and the use of crampons and ice axes.

    High Altitude: Annapurna South is a high-altitude peak, and climbers will face the effects of altitude sickness as they ascend. The thin air at high altitudes can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and dizziness. Proper acclimatization and pacing are crucial to mitigate the risks associated with high altitude.

    Icefalls and Glaciers: Climbers may encounter icefalls and glaciers while ascending Annapurna South. Negotiating these features requires knowledge of glacier travel techniques, including roped team travel, crevasse rescue, and safe navigation through icy and crevassed terrain.

    Weather Conditions: The Annapurna region is known for its unpredictable and challenging weather conditions. Climbers may face extreme cold, high winds, and frequent snowfall, especially during the winter and monsoon seasons. It is crucial to be prepared for adverse weather conditions and have the ability to make informed decisions regarding summit attempts based on weather forecasts.

    Avalanches and Serac Risks: The steep slopes and glacier-covered terrain pose a risk of avalanches and serac collapses. Climbers must assess avalanche hazards, practice safe route selection, and be vigilant in recognizing signs of instability in the snow and ice.

    Technical Gear: The Annapurna South Expedition requires climbers to be proficient in using technical mountaineering gear. This includes harnesses, ropes, ice axes, crampons, and other protective equipment. Knowledge of proper gear usage and techniques for self-arrest and roped travel is essential.

    Physical Endurance: The expedition demands excellent physical fitness and endurance. Climbers must be capable of carrying heavy loads, enduring long hours of climbing, and maintaining stamina throughout the expedition.

    Emergency Situations: In remote and challenging environments like Annapurna South, the risk of emergencies is present. Climbers must be prepared to handle emergency situations such as injuries, altitude sickness, or sudden weather changes. Knowledge of wilderness first aid, evacuation procedures, and the ability to make quick decisions in critical situations are vital.

    Expedition Support

    During the Annapurna South Expedition, climbers often opt for expedition support to enhance their safety, logistics, and overall experience. Here are some aspects of expedition support that climbers can consider:

    Experienced Guides: Hiring experienced guides who are familiar with the Annapurna region and have extensive mountaineering knowledge can greatly enhance the safety and success of the expedition. These guides provide valuable expertise, route guidance, and assistance in managing technical challenges.

    Sherpa Support: Sherpas, who are renowned for their mountaineering skills and knowledge of the Himalayas, can provide crucial support during the expedition. They assist in carrying heavy loads, setting up camps, fixing ropes, and ensuring the smooth operation of the climb.

    Logistics and Equipment: Organized expeditions or support teams often take care of logistics such as transportation, accommodation, and food arrangements. They also provide necessary equipment and gear, including high-altitude tents, cooking supplies, oxygen cylinders, and communication devices.

    Base Camp Services: Annapurna Base Camp serves as the starting point for the expedition, and support teams can set up a well-equipped base camp. This includes facilities such as dining tents, sleeping tents, kitchen facilities, and medical assistance if required.

    Acclimatization Plan: Proper acclimatization is crucial for a safe climb in high-altitude environments. Expedition support teams can provide acclimatization plans, ensuring climbers have sufficient time to adjust to the altitude and minimize the risks of altitude sickness.

    Safety Measures: Support teams prioritize climbers' safety and can provide safety measures such as weather updates, monitoring health conditions, and implementing emergency protocols. They are trained in wilderness first aid and rescue techniques, and they can respond swiftly in case of emergencies.

    Communication and Connectivity: In remote mountain regions, communication can be challenging. Expedition support teams often provide satellite phones or other communication devices to ensure climbers can stay in touch with base camp or emergency services if needed.

    It's important to note that the Annapurna South Expedition is a highly demanding and potentially dangerous endeavor. Proper preparation, training, and experience are necessary for a safe and successful climb.

    Best Time for Annapurna South Expedition

    Considering the overall weather conditions, moderate temperatures, and good visibility, the spring and autumn seasons are generally considered the best times to undertake the Annapurna South Expedition. 

    Spring Season (March to May)

    The spring season is widely regarded as the best time for the Annapurna South Expedition. During this period, the weather begins to warm up, and the days become longer. The skies are generally clear, offering excellent visibility of the surrounding mountains. The temperatures are moderate, making for comfortable climbing conditions. One of the highlights of the spring season is the vibrant display of rhododendron blooms along the trekking trails, adding a touch of color to the already stunning landscape. However, as spring is a popular time for trekking and climbing in the Annapurna region, you can expect more fellow trekkers on the trails.

    Monsoon Season (June to August)

    The monsoon season is characterized by heavy rainfall in the Annapurna region, making it the least favorable time for the Annapurna South Expedition. The monsoon brings increased risks of landslides, avalanches, and poor visibility. The trails can become slippery and hazardous, making climbing difficult and unsafe. Consequently, it is generally advised to avoid the monsoon season for the expedition.

    Autumn Season (September to November)

    The autumn season is another ideal time for the Annapurna South Expedition. The weather is generally stable, with clear skies and dry conditions. The temperatures are pleasant during the day, and the visibility is excellent, offering panoramic views of the mountains. The autumn season is considered the peak trekking season in the Annapurna region, attracting a larger number of trekkers. However, the trails and teahouses may be busier compared to other times of the year. It is advisable to make accommodation and logistics arrangements in advance during this popular season.

    Winter Season (December to February)

    The winter season brings cold temperatures and snowfall to the Annapurna region. The conditions can be challenging, particularly at higher altitudes. The trails may be covered in snow, and the temperatures can drop to sub-zero levels, requiring proper winter gear and equipment. The reduced daylight hours and potential for snowstorms pose additional difficulties. As a result, the winter season is less popular for the Annapurna South Expedition, and climbers should be experienced in winter mountaineering and prepared for the extreme cold.

    Please, click here to know the best time to visit Nepal. 

    Permits for the Annapurna South Expedition

    To undertake the Annapurna South Expedition, climbers are required to obtain several permits and documentation. Here are the main permits needed for the expedition:

    Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP)

    The Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) is a mandatory permit for entering the Annapurna Conservation Area, which includes the Annapurna South region. The ACAP aims to conserve the natural and cultural heritage of the area. It can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board office in Kathmandu or from the entry checkpoints along the trekking route.

    Trekkers' Information Management System (TIMS) Card

    The TIMS card is required for trekking in Nepal and includes information about trekkers for safety and statistical purposes. For the Annapurna South Expedition, climbers need to obtain a TIMS card, which can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board office in Kathmandu or the Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN) office in Kathmandu or Pokhara.

    Climbing Permit

    A climbing permit is required specifically for climbing Annapurna South. The permit is issued by the Department of Tourism in Nepal and is obtained through a registered expedition company or agent. The permit fee varies depending on the season, duration of the expedition, and the number of climbers.

    Important notes on Annapurna South Expedition

    Here are some important notes to consider for the Annapurna South Expedition:

    Physical Fitness and Training: The Annapurna South Expedition is a challenging and demanding endeavor that requires excellent physical fitness and endurance. Prioritize a comprehensive training regimen that includes cardiovascular exercises, strength training, and endurance-building activities to prepare your body for the physical demands of the climb.

    Mountaineering Experience: The Annapurna South Expedition is a technically difficult climb. It is essential to have previous mountaineering experience, including proficiency in using climbing equipment, knowledge of glacier travel, and experience with high-altitude conditions. Consider gaining experience through climbing smaller peaks and participating in mountaineering courses before attempting the Annapurna South Expedition.

    Altitude Acclimatization: Proper acclimatization is crucial for climbing at high altitudes to minimize the risk of altitude sickness. Plan for sufficient acclimatization days during the expedition and follow a gradual ascent profile. Ascend slowly, hydrate adequately, and listen to your body's signals. If symptoms of altitude sickness occur, descend to a lower altitude and seek medical attention if necessary.

    Safety Precautions: Safety should always be a top priority during the expedition. Follow safety protocols, adhere to instructions from guides and support teams, and maintain good communication with team members. Ensure you have proper climbing gear and equipment, including helmets, harnesses, ropes, and protective clothing.

    Environmental Considerations: The Annapurna region is an ecologically sensitive area, and it is essential to practice responsible and sustainable mountaineering. Respect the local culture, minimize your ecological footprint, and follow Leave No Trace principles. Carry out all waste, minimize the use of single-use plastics, and be mindful of the natural surroundings.

    Comprehensive Gear and Equipment: Make sure to have high-quality mountaineering gear and equipment suitable for climbing in high-altitude and technical terrain. This includes proper clothing for extreme weather conditions, climbing boots, crampons, ice axes, helmets, ropes, and a well-fitted backpack. Ensure your gear is in good condition and tested before the expedition.

    Expert Guidance and Support: Consider joining organized expeditions or hiring experienced guides and Sherpas to support your Annapurna South Expedition. Their expertise, local knowledge, and support can significantly enhance safety, logistics, and the overall climbing experience.

    Travel and Insurance: Plan your travel to Nepal and arrange necessary visas and transportation in advance. Additionally, ensure you have comprehensive travel insurance that covers mountaineering activities, including emergency evacuation and medical expenses.

    Remember, the Annapurna South Expedition is a challenging and high-risk undertaking. Proper preparation, training, experience, and expert guidance are crucial for a safe and successful climb. 

    Alternative 7000m Mountain Expeditions 

    We Offer the Following similar 7000m Mountain Climbing and Expedition in Nepal

    Gangapurna Expedition (7,455 m)
    Pumori Expedition (7,145 m)
    Tilicho Peak Expedition (7,134 m)

    We also offer peak climbing expeditions in Nepal at altitudes of 8000 and 6000 meters.

    8000 M Peaks for Climbing and Expedition

    Mt Everest Expedition (8848.86 m)
    Makalu Expedition (8,463m)
    Dhaulagiri Expedition (8,167 m)
    Kanchenjunga Expedition (8,586 m)
    Manaslu Expedition (8,163 m)

    6000 M Peaks for Climbing and Expedition in Nepal

    Mt Ama Dablam Expedition (6,812 m)
    Island Peak Expedition (6,160 m)
    Mera Peak Climbing (6,476 m)
    Chulu West Peak Climbing (6,419 m)
    Pisang Peak Climbing (6,091 m)
    Singu Chuli Peak Climbing (6,501 m)
    Island Peak Climbing with Everest Base Camp Trek
    Lobuche Peak Climbing with Everest Base Camp

    For the complete guide on peak climbing and expedition in Nepal, please click here.

    If you need any further information, please contact us, Email: [email protected], Phone: +977- 985 100 5129 (WhatsApp)

    Annapurna South Expedition (7,219 m) Itinerary

    Is The Offered Itinerary Not Suitable For You?

    Looking for a customized itinerary? Reach out to our experts.

    Costomize Trip


    What's Included

      All ground transport in a private vehicle, including airport and hotel transfers
      Four nights' accommodation with breakfast at a 3-star category hotel in Kathmandu
      1-night hotel in Pokhara (3 stars) on a bed & breakfast Basis-Twin Bed Room (Sharing).
      One Welcome Dinner in a tourist standard restaurant in Kathmandu with Office’s Staff.
      Assistance for cargo clearance in Nepal’s Customs Department, clearance cost is subject to a charge. *before the expedition.
      Expedition Royalty and permit of Nepal Government to climb Annapurna III, TIMS Card, Annapurna conservation area entry permit & fee.
      1 Government Liaison officer with full equipment, salary, and
      Garbage Deposit fees.
      Medical & Emergency Rescue Insurance for Nepalese staff during the trek and climbing.
    • MAP
      Trekking and climbing map.
      Drive from Kathmandu – to Chame, as per itinerary.
      Necessary all equipment Transportation for all Members and Staff from Kathmandu to Chame (Drive) and to Base camp (by Porters / Mule) – While returning: Base camp to Jomsom (by porters / Mule) and Jomsom to Pokhara (Drive).
      Up to 30 Kg per member for personal baggage during the trek carried by porter or Mule.
      Food 3 meals a day (BDL; including tea and coffee) along with accessible accommodation at Hotel/Lodge/Tea house/Camp during the trek and BC. Well-managed base camp set up for members and staff.
      All Necessary equipment for Camping during the trek.
    • PORTER
      Porters (1 member: 1 Porter) up to Base camp from Chame & Porter’s return from Base camp to Pokhara.
      Experienced and well-trained Base camp Cook & kitchen Helpers as required.
      All Nepalese staff & porters’ daily wages, equipment, food & clothing.
      Each member will have an individual Yak Mountain or Kailas tent in Base Camp.
      All camping equipment such as a dining tent with table and chairs, Kitchen Tent, Toilet Tent, & all necessary cooking gear.
    • HEATER
      Heater for base camp in each Dining and other necessary camps.
    • LIGHT
      Necessary light at Dining tent and Kitchen tent.
      Veteran and Government Licensed Climbing Guide.
      Climbing Sherpa's Salary, Equipment, Food, And Clothing.
      Oxygen bottles will be in stock at base camp in case of an emergency (with appropriate charge).
      1 Set of Summit Oxygen masks will be in base camp in case of an emergency.
      High Altitude Tent, Necessary cooking EPI gas, cooking pot for a member, High food for a member, Sherpa, all climbing and cooking crew at (C1) (C2), and (C3). Group climbing gears, and fixed and dynamic rope during the climbing period as required.
      Walkie–Talkie for communicating from Base Camp to Mountain and Mountain to Base Camp.
      Satellite Phone/walkie-talkie permit for all members and staff.
      Comprehensive Medical kit for group.
      Weather forecast report during the entire expedition.
      Mt. Gangapurna climbing certificate issued by MoCTCA (after climbing Mt. Gangapurna successfully).

    Dates & Availability

    No group joining date available! you can make a request for private date
    • M
      - Excellent
      Mr. Maximilian
      United States of America (the), New York

      It was a good and excellent trip

      My family and I have been interested in climbing peaks for a long time. It was a good and excellent trip. The guides were professional and knowledgeable. They took care and gave some motivation while climbing the peak. The director of the company is responsible. They provide better service on the trip. It was amazing and more durable while climbing the peak. I feel more comfortable and have proper guidance on the trip. I will travel for upcoming years and we feel the best-experienced trek in this company. 

      Read more +
    • J
      - Excellent
      Mr. Jonas
      United States of America (the), New York

      We chose the best company,

      We recently completed the peak climbing in Nepal. The view  is genuinely breathtaking.We chose the best company, Luxury Holidays Nepal. Our guide Ram is the best guide and he made a wonderful trip while climbing the peak. Our team completed moderate climbing and hiking experience. It was a wonderful experience. We were provided with good food, comfortable accommodation and excellent guidance. Hopefully, we will do the next trip with the company as soon as possible.


      Read more +
    • C
      - Excellent
      Ms. Clara
      United States of America (the), California

      Thank you Resham and the entire LHN Team

      Thank you Resham and the entire LHN Team for the wonderful trip. We had memorable peak climbing. Everything was managed properly from start to end. The trip offered me an incredible view of the mountain and sunrise-sunset from the row of the Himalayas. They made me really comfortable as it was my first trip to the mountain. One of the best experiences ever! Everything was perfectly managed according to the itinerary! It was the best decision to choose Luxury Holidays Nepal as a travel company. I will do another trek in future with this company.

      Read more +

    Essential Information

    Tourist Visa

    To visit Nepal for tourism purposes, most foreign nationals are required to obtain a Tourist Visa. Here are some key points regarding the Tourist Visa for Nepal:

    Visa Application

    • Tourists can apply for a Nepal Tourist Visa prior to their arrival at a Nepali Embassy or Consulate in their home country.
    • Alternatively, tourists can also obtain a visa upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or other designated entry points in Nepal.

    Duration and Validity

    • The Tourist Visa is typically issued for multiple entry and allows a stay of up to 15, 30, or 90 days.
    • The visa duration and validity depend on the applicant's preference and payment of the respective visa fee.

    Visa Extension

    • If tourists wish to extend their stay in Nepal beyond the initially granted duration, they can apply for a visa extension at the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu or at the Immigration Office in Pokhara.
    • Visa extensions can usually be granted for a maximum period of up to 150 days in a calendar year.

    Required Documents

    • When applying for a Tourist Visa, tourists typically need to submit their passport with a minimum validity of six months, a completed visa application form, and the applicable visa fee.
    • Tourists may also need to provide a recent passport-sized photograph and other supporting documents as requested by the Nepali Embassy/Consulate or immigration authorities.

    Visa Fees

    • The visa fees for a Tourist Visa vary depending on the duration of stay, such as 15 days, 30 days, or 90 days.
    • The fees are payable in USD or the equivalent in other major currencies.


    • Tourists can obtain a Tourist Visa upon arrival at the immigration counters of Tribhuvan International Airport or other designated entry points.
    • Visa-on-arrival services are available for most nationalities, and the required visa fees can be paid in cash (USD or major currencies) or by credit card.

    It is important to note that visa regulations and requirements may change, so it is recommended to check with the nearest Nepali Embassy/Consulate or visit the official website of the Department of Immigration of Nepal for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding the Tourist Visa requirements.

    On Arrival Visa Fee at Entry Points
    15 Days – 30 USD
    30 Days – 50 USD
    90 Days – 125 USD

    Getting in Nepal

    Nepal, nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, offers a range of options for travelers to enter the country. The most common and convenient way to reach Nepal is by air through Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, the capital city. Numerous international airlines operate regular flights to Kathmandu from major cities around the world, making it easily accessible for travelers from different countries. Upon arrival at the airport, travelers will need to go through immigration and customs procedures. It is advisable to have all necessary travel documents, including a valid passport, visa, and any required permits, readily available for inspection.

    To ensure a smooth start to the expedition, it is crucial to provide your arrival details in advance to us. This allows us to make appropriate arrangements for your airport pickup, where you will be picked up by a Luxury Holidays Nepal representative and transfer to your accommodation in Kathmandu. So, it is important to promptly inform our team if there are any delays or changes to your flight schedule so that we can adjust their arrangements accordingly.

    Domestic Flights
    Domestic flights in Nepal are the main intercommunication to reach the region where you are going for your expedition as most of these regions are disconnected by road transport. Your flights into the Khumbu and any other region that are mentioned in your trip program will be reserved by us on your behalf. Due to the terrain and landscapes of Nepal domestic flights might get caught in weather delays which is why we recommend your return flight back home be changeable at any time.

    Altitude Sickness

    Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a condition that can occur when ascending to high altitudes too quickly, without allowing sufficient time for the body to acclimatize. It is caused by the reduced availability of oxygen at higher elevations. Altitude sickness can affect anyone, regardless of age, fitness level, or previous experience at high altitudes. Here are some important points to know about altitude sickness:


    • Symptoms of altitude sickness can vary but commonly include headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, and difficulty sleeping.
    • More severe forms of altitude sickness, such as high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), can also occur and require immediate medical attention.


    • Gradual ascent: Ascend gradually to allow your body to acclimatize. Avoid rapid ascents, especially to high altitudes above 3,000 meters (9,800 feet).
    • Hydration: Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Avoid excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption.
    • Proper nutrition: Maintain a balanced diet and consume sufficient calories to fuel your body.
    • Rest and acclimatization days: Take rest days at higher elevations to allow your body to adjust to the altitude.
    • Medication: Consult with a medical professional about the use of medication, such as acetazolamide (Diamox), which can help prevent and alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness.


    • Pay attention to your body and recognize the early signs of altitude sickness. Inform your guide or fellow climbers if you experience any symptoms.
    • Monitor others in your group for signs of altitude sickness and be prepared to assist if needed.


    • If experiencing symptoms of altitude sickness, it is important to descend to a lower altitude.
    • Resting, hydrating, and allowing time for acclimatization can help alleviate mild symptoms.
    • In more severe cases, immediate descent and medical attention are necessary. Prompt evacuation to a lower altitude or medical facility may be required.

    Preparation and Education

    • Prioritize physical fitness and proper training before attempting high-altitude climbs.
    • Educate yourself about altitude sickness, its symptoms, prevention measures, and appropriate response in case of illness.
    • Travel with experienced guides who are trained in recognizing and managing altitude sickness.

    Altitude sickness should be taken seriously, and it is essential to prioritize your safety when climbing at high altitudes. By understanding the risks, taking necessary precautions, and being vigilant about your own health and those of your fellow climbers, you can minimize the chances of experiencing altitude sickness and enjoy a safer and more successful expedition.


    Money management is an important aspect to consider when traveling in Nepal, especially during your expedition. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

    ATMs and Card Acceptance

    In Nepal, access to ATMs is generally good in most city areas, but it can be limited in rural regions. Different banks have varying withdrawal limits, so it's important to check with your bank regarding the maximum withdrawal amount per transaction. Hotels, restaurants, airlines, and travel agents in urban areas usually accept cards, with Visa and Mastercard being widely accepted. However, in rural areas and trekking regions, card acceptance may be limited or unavailable. It's advisable to carry enough cash, especially in Nepalese currency, for areas with limited ATM access and to have some reserve cash for emergencies. While USD is selectively accepted, it's more important to have Nepalese currency on hand during your expedition in Nepal.

    Nepalese Currency

    The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). It is important to have Nepalese currency on hand, especially during your expedition in remote areas where USD may not be widely accepted. Exchange your currency to Nepalese Rupees at authorized currency exchange counters, banks, or hotels. Avoid exchanging money with unauthorized individuals or street vendors.

    Remember to inform your bank and credit card provider about your travel plans to Nepal, as some financial institutions may put a temporary hold on cards if they see unusual international transactions. Having a mix of cash and cards, along with sufficient Nepalese currency, will ensure that you are well-prepared for various payment needs throughout your expedition in Nepal.


    Safe drinking water is crucial during the Annapurna South Expedition to stay hydrated and prevent waterborne illnesses. Here are some important points regarding drinking water:

    Bottled Water: It's recommended to bring a sufficient supply of bottled water for the early stages of the expedition. You can purchase bottled water in Kathmandu or major towns before heading to more remote areas. Ensure that the seals of the bottles are intact to guarantee their safety.

    Water Purification Methods: As you move away from populated areas, bottled water may become scarce or expensive. In such cases, it's advisable to have a reliable water purification system or methods to treat water from natural sources. This can include:

    • Water Purification Tablets: These tablets contain chemicals that help eliminate harmful bacteria and viruses. Follow the instructions provided with the tablets for proper usage.
    • Water Filters: Portable water filters, such as pump filters or straw filters, can effectively remove contaminants from water sources. These filters physically strain out bacteria, protozoa, and sediment.
    • UV Sterilizers: UV light sterilization devices can be used to treat water by eliminating harmful microorganisms. These devices emit UV light that destroys the DNA of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa.
    • Boiling Water: Boiling water is another effective method to make it safe for drinking. Bring the water to a rolling boil for at least one minute to kill any pathogens. Allow the water to cool before consuming.

    Hydration Bladders and Water Bottles: Use hydration bladders or water bottles with built-in filters to have a convenient and portable water supply during the trek. These containers often feature filters or straws that remove impurities as you drink.

    Refilling Stations: Some lodges and tea houses along the trekking route may have refilling stations or provide boiled water for a fee. Confirm the reliability and safety of these sources before refilling your water containers.

    Avoid Tap Water and Unreliable Sources: It's crucial to avoid drinking tap water or water from unreliable sources, such as streams, without proper treatment. These sources can carry contaminants that may cause waterborne illnesses.

    Remember to stay hydrated by drinking water regularly, even if you don't feel thirsty. Dehydration can occur at high altitudes, and proper hydration is essential for acclimatization and maintaining your overall well-being during the expedition.

    Insurance for Pumori Expedition 

    Climbing insurance is highly recommended for the Annapurna South Expedition or any other high-altitude mountaineering adventure. Here are some key points to consider regarding climbing insurance:

    • Obtain comprehensive climbing insurance specifically tailored for high-altitude mountaineering.
    • Confirm coverage for emergency medical expenses, evacuation, and rescue.
    • Ensure coverage for pre-existing conditions and high-altitude activities.
    • Understand policy limits, deductibles, and claim procedures.
    • Compare reputable insurance providers specializing in adventure or mountaineering coverage.
    • Read the policy thoroughly and consult with experts to choose suitable coverage.

    Remember, climbing insurance is your financial protection against unforeseen events and emergencies during the Annapurna South Expedition. 


    Safety is a top priority when undertaking the Annapurna South Expedition or any other outdoor adventure in Nepal. Here are some important safety considerations to keep in mind:

    Experienced Guides and Support Staff: Engaging experienced guides and support staff is crucial for ensuring safety during the Annapurna South Expedition. These professionals have in-depth knowledge of the region, terrain, and weather conditions. They are trained in mountaineering skills, emergency response, and first aid, providing valuable guidance and support throughout the expedition.

    Physical Fitness and Training: Prioritizing physical fitness and undergoing proper training is essential for the demands of high-altitude climbing. Adequate physical conditioning helps improve endurance, strength, and stamina required for the expedition. Consulting with a healthcare professional ensures you are in good health and physically capable of undertaking the challenges involved.

    Altitude Acclimatization: Allowing sufficient time for proper altitude acclimatization is vital to reduce the risk of altitude sickness. Ascending gradually and incorporating rest days at higher altitudes allows your body to adjust to the decreasing oxygen levels. This helps minimize the chances of altitude-related illnesses and ensures a safer and more enjoyable climb.

    Weather Awareness: Being informed about weather conditions and forecasts is crucial for planning a safe climb. Weather in mountainous areas can be unpredictable, so staying updated on weather changes is important. Planning the expedition during favorable weather windows and being prepared for sudden changes in conditions helps mitigate potential risks.

    Proper Equipment and Gear: Investing in high-quality mountaineering equipment and gear is essential for safety during the expedition. This includes suitable clothing for varying weather conditions, sturdy footwear, climbing equipment, and protective gear. Ensuring that your equipment is well-maintained and in good condition is crucial for optimal performance and safety.

    Emergency Preparedness: Carrying a comprehensive first aid kit and having basic first aid knowledge is important for addressing minor injuries and illnesses during the expedition. It is advisable to carry communication devices such as a satellite phone or walkie-talkie for emergency communication. Understanding evacuation procedures and having contingency plans in place for emergencies is crucial for swift and effective response.

    Environmental Responsibility: Respecting the environment and practicing Leave No Trace principles is important to minimize your impact on the natural surroundings. Follow designated trails, dispose of waste properly, and be mindful of the fragile ecosystem. Adhering to environmental responsibility ensures the preservation of the natural beauty for future generations.

    Personal Safety Measures: Following safety guidelines provided by guides and support staff is essential. Stay alert and aware of your surroundings, particularly during challenging sections of the climb. Promptly communicate any concerns or issues to guides or fellow climbers. Prioritizing personal safety through responsible decision-making and caution is crucial throughout the expedition.

    By considering these points and adhering to the explanations provided, you can ensure a safer and more successful Annapurna South Expedition experience, enjoying the breathtaking beauty of the region while minimizing potential risks and challenges.

    Internet and SIM Card

    Internet access and having a local SIM card can greatly enhance your communication and connectivity during your expedition in Nepal. Here's some information about internet and SIM cards in Nepal:

    Internet Access: Internet access is readily available in urban areas like Kathmandu and Pokhara, with numerous hotels, cafes, and restaurants offering Wi-Fi facilities. However, in more remote and rural areas, internet connectivity may be limited or unavailable. Trekking regions and base camps often have little to no internet access. It's advisable to inform your loved ones and contacts about the limited connectivity in advance, and set expectations accordingly.

    Local SIM Card: Getting a local SIM card in Nepal is a convenient way to have access to mobile data and stay connected during your expedition. Nepal has several major telecommunications providers such as NTC (Nepal Telecom) and Ncell, offering SIM cards and prepaid packages for voice calls, texts, and data. You can easily purchase a local SIM card at the airport upon arrival or at various shops and kiosks in urban areas. To obtain a SIM card, you will need to provide a copy of your passport and a passport-sized photo, along with completing a registration form. Different SIM card packages are available, offering varying data allowances and validity periods. Choose a package that suits your communication needs during the expedition. Make sure to check the coverage and network availability in the specific regions you'll be visiting, as coverage can vary in more remote areas.

    Internet Cafes: In some areas, particularly in towns and cities, you may find internet cafes where you can access the internet for a fee.
    These internet cafes typically provide desktop computers with internet connectivity, allowing you to browse the web, check emails, or make online calls.

    It's important to note that internet connectivity and mobile network coverage can be affected by various factors, including weather conditions, geographic location, and infrastructure limitations. Therefore, it's advisable to plan and manage your communication needs accordingly, especially when venturing into remote areas during the expedition.

    Vaccinations & Immunization

    Vaccinations and immunizations are an important aspect of preparing for a Annapurna South Expedition to protect against various diseases and ensure the health and safety of climbers. Here are some key points to consider regarding vaccinations:

    Routine Vaccinations: It is important to ensure that routine vaccinations, such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTaP), varicella (chickenpox), polio, and influenza, are up to date before embarking on the expedition.

    Hepatitis A and B: Vaccination against hepatitis A and B is recommended for all travelers, including those going on a Mount Everest expedition. These diseases can be transmitted through contaminated food, water, or bodily fluids and can have serious health implications.

    Typhoid: Typhoid fever can be contracted through contaminated food and water. A typhoid vaccination is advisable, especially for those planning to spend an extended period in Nepal.

    Meningococcal Meningitis: Meningococcal meningitis is a rare but potentially severe bacterial infection that can occur in crowded places or close quarters. Although the risk is relatively low, some climbers may opt to receive the meningococcal vaccine as a precautionary measure.

    Tetanus and Rabies: Ensuring that tetanus vaccination is up to date is important in case of any injuries during the expedition. Rabies vaccination may also be considered, particularly if there is a possibility of close contact with animals.

    It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional or a travel medicine specialist well in advance of the expedition to receive personalized advice on the necessary vaccinations based on individual health, medical history, and current vaccination status. It is also important to follow general hygiene practices, such as handwashing and consuming safe food and water, to minimize the risk of infectious diseases during the expedition.


    Tipping is a common practice in Nepal, including for expedition staff, guides, and porters. While tipping is not mandatory, it is customary and appreciated as a way to acknowledge the hard work and dedication of the individuals who have supported you during your Annapurna South Expedition. Here are some general guidelines for tipping:

    • Expedition Guides: It is recommended to allocate a tip for the expedition guides who have provided guidance, leadership, and support throughout the climb. The amount can vary depend
    • ing on the length and complexity of the expedition, but a typical range is around $20 to $30 per day for the lead guide.
    • Climbing Sherpas: Climbing Sherpas play a crucial role in supporting the expedition and ensuring your safety during the ascent. It is customary to tip the Sherpas individually based on their level of involvement and assistance. The recommended range is around $15 to $20 per day for each climbing Sherpa.
    • Support Staff: This includes cooks, kitchen helpers, porters, and other support staff involved in the expedition. The recommended range for tipping support staff is around $10 to $15 per day, to be divided among the team.
    • Base Camp Staff: If you have a dedicated base camp team, such as a cook and kitchen helpers, it is customary to tip them separately. The recommended amount is around $10 to $15 per day, to be divided among the base camp staff.
    • Group Tip: It is common for expedition members to contribute to a group tip that can be given to the entire staff as a collective token of appreciation. The recommended amount for a group tip is around $50 to $100 per member, depending on the size of the group and the duration of the expedition.

    Remember that these are general guidelines, and tipping is ultimately based on your discretion and satisfaction with the services provided. It's a good idea to prepare a separate envelope with the total tip amount in Nepalese Rupees (NPR) or US Dollars (USD) to distribute at the end of the expedition. 

    1. Introduction of Nepal
    2. Before Traveling Nepal
    3. While You are in Nepal
    4. Before You Plan Nepal Trip
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